Although the cinematographer and editor work in different phases of projects, by collaborating early, their synched efforts will result in a better final film.It doesn’t matter if you’re shooting a $250 million blockbuster or a micro-budget short, filmmaking is a collaborative art form. Directors rely on their crew and must coordinate the efforts of each person, in particular the department heads, in order to see their vision to fruition.Two of these key personnel on any movie are the cinematographer and editor. Let’s get the basics out of the way first, and look at what each of these positions does. If you’re more of an industry vet jump down to the next section, “Planning the Shots”.Cinematographers and Film EditorsThe cinematographer, also known as the director of photography (D.P.), is responsible for photographing the motion picture and overseeing the camera crew and lighting team. On low-budget films, the D.P. might be the sole person responsible for lighting and may also act as the camera operator. The cinematographer’s primary responsibility occurs during the principal photography stage of production, but they must also spend a great deal of effort during prep and may even oversee the color grading during post production.Image from Tamara Podolchak (Wikimedia)The editor, on the other hand, mostly works during post-production by taking the shot footage and making decisions on how to best put the project together. During principal photography, the editor’s main responsibility is to organize the dailies and sync the sound. On larger productions, you’ll have an entire team of people handling picture edit, sound and color grading, but on smaller films, you may have a single person responsible for all of the post-production. The final product is in the hands of the editor.It seems that these two critical jobs would not overlap—the D.P. shoots and the editor takes the footage and turns it into a movie. However, the one phase where they should collaborate is pre-production, which Alfred Hitchcock considered to be the most important stage of filmmaking.Some low budget filmmakers prefer to do one or both of these jobs in addition to directing, as it saves money and resources and is often perceived as preserving the director’s vision. However, it is better to have different people serve as the D.P. and editor. The D.P. will carry out the director’s wishes with lighting schemes and angles, but can also offer a second set of eyes to make sure all of the technical aspects of the shots are completed while the director focuses on the overall picture, including talent, art direction, continuity, etc. An editor brings in objectivity to post-production and can “kill the darlings” — cutting shots and scenes that the director can’t bear to part with but need to go for the sake of the film.Planning the ShotsDuring pre-production, the D.P. must work with the director to know what style of filmmaking they should use in the making of their movie, as well as how to plan the day-to-day activities. The D.P. will know how long certain shots will take to set up and can schedule accordingly. But where does the editor fit into this?If the editor participates with developing the shot list, he or she will have a clear understanding of what to expect upon delivery of the footage. Oftentimes the editor sees the footage for the first time while watching the dailies and then must make sense of all the disparate images they receive. However, if the editor participates in pre-production, then he or she has a clear sense of what the director wants in the final film.Editors are storytellers, but from a technical end. They know how the pieces fit together to effectively communicate dramatic and emotional expression to the audience, as well as determining proper pacing of the story. All films will benefit if the editor is involved in the early stages of planning, working with the cinematographer so that both are on the same page about how the director wants the story to unfold visually.Traditionally, the shots are planned by the director through developing a shot list and then commissioning storyboards to illustrate those shots. Storyboards are made either by hand-drawing them, using computer-aided programs like FrameForge 3D or taking still photographs to replicate what will be shot on set. Both the D.P. and the editor can add their expertise during the storyboarding stage to ensure the proper footage is acquired during principal photography.Correcting Problems in AdvanceOne of the biggest problems facing filmmakers is whether or not the footage they shoot will actually cut well together. A lot rides on this, including consistent performance from the actors and continuity of props, costumes, hair and makeup, actor placement, etc. The director of photography needs to worry about camera placement and gathering appropriate footage that the editor can use.For instance, the camera crew has to adhere to the 180 degree rule, otherwise editing becomes much more difficult. The D.P. and camera operator should be aware of this, yet mistakes are constantly made that require the editor to “fix it in post.” With the editor’s help in pre-production, shots can be properly planned to avoid these types of situations. While it’s easy for the D.P. to pass off problems to the editor to handle after photography is completed, doing so can create problems that are detrimental to the finished film. You don’t want to have to salvage a scene through clumsy editing. It’s better to have the scene play out naturally without any distracting edits that pull the audience out of the story.Additionally, an editor can identify other potential editing problems ahead of time and suggest supplementary ideas for coverage. For instance, if the director is planning an extended take, an editor can see opportunities for alternate shots to cut to in case the extended take doesn’t work. The editor can also point out places where insert shots and cutaways can be used for the best effect.Getting the Right LookThe director of photography works hard to create a specific look for the film by choosing angles, lenses and lighting schemes. Not only does the lighting provide illumination for the actors, but it also creates a mood through brightness level, direction of the light and color—all of which, to varying degrees, can be altered in post-production. During pre-production, the D.P. should communicate his or her intentions to the editor who can then plan out how to approach the final color correction and grading.Image from Blackmagic Design for DaVinci ResolveAnother person, other than the picture editor, may be the one responsible for performing the color correction and grading after the picture lock is complete, but the editor will probably oversee this process (especially in lower budget projects). The editor and D.P. should collaborate on what color design would be best for the film. Also, the editor can discuss what tools he has available, which will allow the D.P. to use the proper settings on the camera to effectively capture the image in the best way for use in the post-production programs.Successful CollaborationThe director needs to act as a ringmaster in coordinating the efforts of all the various departments, especially cinematography and editorial. These department heads need to be brought in as early as possible to prep the film and work out any potential problems, provide a unified effort toward the completion of the movie and to support each other with their duties and responsibilities. Your film and your audience will appreciate it.
Drug use is growing in Manipur and youth, mostly teenagers, are falling victim to it, according to local civil society activists.In this regard, Chief Minister N. Biren Singh has said that his government has “declared war on drugs” and steps are being taken to counter it. Manipur has long been a transit corridor for transportation of drugs between rest of India and Myanmar.“In the last one year, 600 peddlers were arrested and are in jail. We have set up two fast-track courts, one for crimes against women and other for drug use. Poppy cultivation happening in thousands of acres in the border areas have been destroyed,” Mr. Singh told a group of visiting journalists.Early this year, 10,000 hectares of poppy plantation was destroyed with the help of the Army and Assam Rifles. “Now they are being provided with lemon grass and other organic crops,” he stated.The good news, Mr. Singh said, is that people are now “coming out and informing” about drug peddlers.‘Easy money’Lack of employment and poor economic conditions are the primary drivers pushing people to become drug peddlers, many of whom later turn into users, says Abid Hussain, Tribe Secretary of All Lilong Anti-Drug Association (ALADA), a civil organisation based in Lilong. “So for livelihood, drug peddling brings easy money,” he stated.He said since July 2017, ALADA with the support of security forces has seized drugs worth ₹6 crore. Some drugs are brought in illegally while others come in through pharmacy licences.Apart from heroin, other popular drugs are N10 and spasmo proxyvon. One of the most popular and fast-spreading drug is WY (World is Yours) which comes from Myanmar, said Ngaineikim Haokip, president of the Kuki Women Human Rights Organisation which works in Churachandpur district of Manipur.In April this year, Assam Rifles seized 38.52 kg of WY estimated to be worth ₹16 crore from a bus in Tengnoupal district.Ms. Haokip said that Kuki Inpi, the apex body of Kuki people, has formed a committee on drugs. “This is not a society we want our children to grow in,” she added.The biggest drawback in the fight against drug use is rehabilitation centres, the activists said. There are very few rehabilitation centres, of which a majority are private run and are very expensive for common people.
The State government on Wednesday directed the Solapur district dairy development officer to file an FIR against Lokmanagal Multistate Cooperative society, headed by Cooperation Minister Subhash Deshmukh of the BJP.Two weeks ago, a ₹24-crore contract granted to the society was cancelled after a departmental report concluded that Mr. Deshmukh’s society submitted forged and fabricated documents from the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board in Pune and Solapur; the Industrial Security and Health Department, Solapur; the Food and Drug Administration, Solapur; and Deputy Divisional Engineer, Public Works Department, North Solapur. As per the letter from Rajesh Govil, additional secretary, Animal Husbandry department, sent on November 27 to Commissioner, Dairy Development, an FIR needs to be filed as at least seven to eight certificates submitted by the Lokmangal society were found to be fake. The letter asked the Commissioner to file an FIR in the concerned local police station at Solapur.
India has denied reports about giving asylum to the exiled and wanted Baloch activist Brahamdagh Bugti. Related Items
Premier League champions Chelsea have decided to appeal against the red card shown to Belgium goalkeeper Thibaut Courtois in the 2-2 draw against Swansea City, according to several media reports on Monday.The 23-year-old was dismissed in the 52nd minute at Stamford Bridge on Saturday after bringing down Bafetimbi Gomis as he raced through on goal in the opening-day fixturre. Also read: Arsenal erred, Chelsea held in first weekend of new EPL season France forward Gomis went on to equalise from the resulting penalty.If the appeal is unsuccessful Courtois will be replaced by close-season signing Asmir Begovic for Sunday’s trip to Manchester City who finished second in the league last season.
Spanish football giants Real Madrid duo Cristiano Ronaldo and Sergio Ramos joined practice on Tuesday after recovering from minor injuries.Ramos is yet to sign a new deal with Real following interest from English club Manchester United. He had also missed Sunday’s friendly at Valerenga due to an injury he suffered against Bayern Munich in last week’s Audi Cup, reports goal.com.Sergio Ramos had reportedly suffered a knock on his right leg during the previous week’s Audi Cup games in Germany, while Cristiano Ronaldo has been receiving treatment for the lumbago problem that saw him miss that trip. Also read: Cristiano Ronaldo disguised as homeless man tricks Madrid fansHowever, neither players were in doubt for Real’s first match of their domestic campaign which starts against Sporting Gijon on August 23. Both will join their team-mates for training on Tuesday.The duo can now feature in the Santiago Bernabeu Trophy against Galatasaray next Tuesday.
Its unclear, however, how many samples are still intact Its unclear, however, how many samples are still intact for reliable retesting. Grigory Rodchenkov, the former head of the Russian anti-doping laboratory, told the New York Times last week that he gave Russian athletes a cocktail of drugs before the Olympics and switched tainted urine samples for clean ones during the games. He has offered to assist in retesting. The statute of limitations for retesting was extended in 2015 from eight to 10 years, meaning the Beijing samples remain valid through 2018. Its not the first time that samples from Beijing have been retested. A few months after those games, the IOC reanalyzed nearly 1,000 of the total of 4,000 samples with a new test for the blood-boosting drug CERA. Five athletes were caught, including 1,500-meter gold medalist Rashid Ramzi of Bahrain. Nearly 500 doping samples from the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin have already been retested. The IOC has not disclosed whether those retests had produced any positive cases. Five athletes were caught in retests of samples from the 2004 Athens Olympics, including mens shot put winner Yuriy Bilonog of Ukraine. On a separate issue, the IOC said it would “work to shed full light” on bribery allegations tied to Tokyos winning bid for the 2020 Olympics. French prosecutors said last week that 2.8 million Singapore dollars (USD 2 million) was apparently transferred from Japan to the Singapore account of a company tied to the son of former IAAF President Lamine Diack, who is facing corruption charges. Tokyo bid leaders acknowledged the payments were made, but said they were for legitimate consulting fees. The IOC said it would remain a civil party to the French investigation and its chief ethics officer would “actively cooperate” in the inquiry. AP AH AHadvertisement
Priority legislation in the 18th Congress MOST READ What’s behind the display of Chinese flag in Boracay? The Gin Kings, meanwhile, try to better their playoff position when they tackle NorthPort at 6:45 p.m., when the league flies back to Smart Araneta Coliseum on Sunday.The Batang Pier are looking to catch the playoffs with a victory, with coach Pido Jarencio reminding his wards that all their matches in the past week are virtual KO games.Rain or Shine battles Meralco at 4:30 p.m.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LATEST STORIES San Miguel Beer, struggling to gain headway in a tournament where it is seeking to complete a rare Grand Slam, suddenly found an opportunity to boost its triple-crown bid.The Beermen take a shot at the KaTropa on Wednesday in Antipolo City—both teams’ final assignment—with a chance to grab the fourth twice-to-beat bonus entering the quarterfinals and stay away from a potential playoff showdown with Barangay Ginebra.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGreatest ever?SPORTSFormer PBA import Anthony Grundy passes away at 40SPORTSSan Miguel suspends Santos, Nabong, Tubid indefinitely after ‘tussle’ in practiceRomeo Travis had 21 points for the Hotshots, who dealt TNT a third loss in 10 outings. That was a key assist to the Beermen, who can catch TNT at 7-4 and tab the No. 4 slot—and playoff protection—on a winner-over-the-other tiebreak.Until that Hotshots victory, the Beermen’s dream of a season sweep looked bleak. Had the KaTropa won, they would have notched the last twice-to-beat advantage and forced San Miguel into a potential showdown with dangerous Ginebra. Chris Banchero and Paul Lee both had 13 points while Jio Jalalon and Mark Barroca each scored nine in the victory that put the Hotshots at No. 6. Magnolia could face either TNT and San Miguel in the quarterfinals.The KaTropa, playing sans Jayson Castro, got the goods mostly from KJ McDaniels, who finished with a double-double of 33 points and 15 rebounds.Ray Parks Jr. put together his finest performance in a TNT uniform, scoring 21 to go with eight boards, five assists and a steal.Roger Pogoy chipped in 13 points and fueled a late-game rally by the KaTropa, along with McDaniels and Parks. The trio nearly overhauled a 23-point lead by Magnolia but fell short in the end.Magnolia will thus face tall odds in its bid to defend its crown as it will need to score back-to-back wins against its quarterfinal opponent to reach the semifinals.ADVERTISEMENT Makabayan bloc defends protesting workers, tells Año to ‘shut up’ PLAY LIST 02:11Makabayan bloc defends protesting workers, tells Año to ‘shut up’03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games01:38‘Bato’ to be ‘most effective’ CHR head? It’s for public to decide – Gascon02:07Aquino to Filipinos: Stand up vs abuses before you suffer De Lima’s ordeal01:28Ex-President Noynoy Aquino admits contracting pneumonia00:45Aquino agrees with Drilon on SEA games ‘kaldero’ spending issue Tigresses book finals berth vs Lady Bulldogs Drilon apologizes to BCDA’s Dizon over false claim on designer of P50-M ‘kaldero’ Magnolia ran at every chance to bring TNT to its knees for a 100-93 victory in a PBA Governors’ Cup Petron Blaze Saturday showdown at University of Southeastern Philippines Gym in Davao.But the Hotshots weren’t the only ones celebrating.ADVERTISEMENT Rice industry paralysis View comments Duterte officials’ paranoia is ‘singularly myopic’ Duterte calls himself, Go, Cayetano ‘the brightest stars’ in PH politics Ethel Booba on SEA Games cauldron: ‘Sulit kung corrupt ang panggatong’ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Matteo Guidicelli had saved up for Sarah G’s ring since 2014?
Ever interviewed for a new job? All of us have, at some point, but this interview will be different.Imagine that instead of asking questions around who you are and what you have done, the manager asks you to give a 30-second pitch on why the company should hire you. 30 seconds? That’s it? No more? Immediately, thoughts start racing through your head. Should I talk about my last job? My awards? My education? All of them together? Before you realize it,the 30 seconds are gone.This 30-second ‘elevator pitch’ may not yet be the standard way in which companies recruit(Though it could well be in the future, but more on that in a subsequent article), but it is still not that different from the way they actually do. Instead of you making a pitch in person, it is a document that does it for you – your résumé (French) or resume (common usage in English).According to a study, recruiters spend no more than 30 seconds on average looking at your resume before deciding if your resume will be shortlisted.Further, they may spend as little as the first 6 seconds in scanning it to see if it is even worth those 30 seconds!So, how can you build a great resume? Here are six guidelines that can help to make sure that a recruiter goes from 6 seconds to 30 seconds to a lot more when looking at your resume.. Rule #1 – Begin by collecting experiences and data: Before you even create a resume, you need to decide what points you will highlight in it. Unfortunately, most people just take a ‘what I can recall’ approach to this. That may not work – the points that most easily come to mind right now may not necessarily be the best ones. It is useful to first list down key experiences, accomplishments, and projects from each position held in the past, starting with the most recent. It may even be helpful to contact former colleagues to get details on projects you worked on.advertisementHowever, you should not just collect information. Try and collect as much data as possible too. What additional revenue did a key sales proposal bring in? How much cost reduction did you achieve in an optimization project? By including the numbers, you enhance impact and realism for the projects you worked on.Rule #2 – Follow the S/C/I (Skills, Contribution, or Impact) formula: After you have a number of points for each role listed down, you need to start selecting the best. No more than 4-5 points for each role held are needed. How do you decide which are the best ones? Follow SKI, i.e. evaluate whether each point in question is demonstrating one of three points – that you acquired skill, or made a contribution, or created impact. If none of the three is reflected, that point should be removed.So, for example, saying that you were nominated by the CEO to be part of the Strategic Partnerships team is not enough; show how you contributed, how the initiative was important, and how it helped the organization.Rule #3 – Customize, by keeping the role you are applying to in mind: This is a classic mistake, sometimes borne out of laziness, but often out of flawed thinking. So many professionals we come across often talk about how they have a single resume that they use for all purposes. As a reason, the resume summarizes their work and career, and irrespective looking at. For example, if you are a programmer applying to a data analytics role, it helps to highlight your analytics programming expertise more than generic programming expertise.Similarly, if you are an advertising professional applying to a media strategy role, highlighting your work with media partners, and showing how you have helped create media strategy for clients in the past, is a must. You are not being insincere here, but simply playing to your strengths.This customization could also take other forms. For instance, if you are a programmer applying for a senior engineering role, you may we well-served by listing in detail the technologies you have worked on and the tools you are familiar with.On the other hand, if you are applying to business school, you should largely dispense with that information, and focus on the projects you worked with, and business impact that your work made.Rule #4 – Avoid redundancies, and long sentences: Remember that a résumé is supposed to be a career summary. A résumé that goes over one page is rare, and in most cases, employers and even business schools will mandate that you follow the one-page format. Brevity (without sacrificing on quality) is king here.advertisementFor example, a recent resume of a top professional, who is an MBA graduate and the Executive Assistant to the Chairman of a large conglomerate began with a bullet point that said: “Help Chairman in day-to-day decision-making, coordination, and business unit performance evaluation”. This point is largely redundant, as this is clear from his title. Instead, we recommended that this professional use this point to illustrate something else, like the fact that his role is predominantly about helping the CEO driving digital transformation (something that is not clear from his title alone), and how that initiative has helped the company.Rule #5 – Dispense with objective statements and redundant information: Are you among those who believe that making someone laugh actually increases the chances of that person considering you favourably? It may work on a date, but we doubt that it will work on a resume.Yet, that is what many professionals end up doing, by including a hyperbolic statement of objectives like, “Looking for a challenging role in which I can grow myself while helping the organization scale new heights of success”. After the recruitment manager is done laughing, she might well decide that the organization is better off scaling those heights without you. Moreseriously, the point is that you should avoid a statement of objectives, never mind a hyperbolic one, completely.Other redundant pieces of information that are best removed are things like date of birth (age is fine), family information, and languages are spoken (if it is just English and a regional language, know already, don’t bother mentioning).Rule #6 – Don’t forget the personal side: Finally, keep in mind that though it is a professional resume, instances of personal achievement, and brief information on your interests, can also help portray a better picture of you. If you have travelled to a dozen countries, mention that. If you played competitive sport, mention that too. If you have the leadership to show as a student inareas like theatre, that should be included too. Published a short novel? Ditto.Keep in mind that the personal section is short (4-5 points at maximum) but if you make the right points, it can be quite powerful.Rishabh Gupta is a Partner and a Consultant at GyanOne Universal, a premium career advisory, admissions consulting, and test preparation firm that has the highest number of clients among any admissions consulting firm in early career MBA programs around the world.
Californian shipbuilder General Dynamics NASSCO launched and christened on May 7 in San Diego another ECO Class tanker, the Garden State, that will join the Jones Act fleet. The Garden State is the third of five tankers within the contract between NASSCO and American Petroleum Tankers (APT), which calls for the design and construction of five 50,000 dwt, LNG-conversion-ready product carriers with a 330,000 barrel cargo capacity.In October 2015, the company held a keel laying ceremony for Garden State.“NASSCO is proud to be building yet another quality product tanker for longtime partners American Petroleum Tankers and Kinder Morgan,” Fred Harris, president of General Dynamics NASSCO and Bath Iron Works comments.The Garden State and other ships from the ECO Class are the first in the Jones Act fleet to obtain a PMA+ Notation.The ships were designed by DSEC, a subsidiary of Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (DSME) of Busan, South Korea. The design incorporates a G-series MAN ME slow-speed main engine and an optimized hull form. The tankers will also have dual-fuel-capable auxiliary engines and the ability to accommodate future installation of an LNG fuel gas system.The delivery of the vessel to APT is scheduled for August 2016.Image Courtesy: General Dynamics NASSCO
zoom Belgium’s LNG and LPG carrier owner and operator Exmar has secured a USD 200 million financing for its floating liquefaction unit Caribbean FLNG.The financing deal was reached with Bank of China, Sinosure and a leading European financial institution, according to Exmar.Currently under construction at Wison Offshore and Marine shipyard, the Caribbean FLNG is scheduled to be delivered in the coming weeks, after being postponed a number of times.The proceeds from the financing will be used to pay the last instalment to the shipyard.Caribbean FLNG was set to work for Canada-based oil and gas company Pacific Exploration and Production (PEP), however, the agreement between Exmar and PEP was terminated in March 2016.“Progress has been made on the future employment of the Caribbean FLNG and future communication on this is expected in the coming months,” the company said in April.
Les aînés néo-écossais et leurs familles n’auront plus besoin de verser un dépôt de garantie avant d’obtenir une chambre dans un foyer de soins infirmiers. « Nous avons promis d’éliminer le fardeau pour les aînés et leurs familles causé par les dépôts de sécurité et nous gardons notre promesse, a dit Maureen MacDonald, ministre de la Santé. Il s’agit d’un autre engagement que nous avons pris pour améliorer la vie des familles. » Le ministère de la Santé a annoncé aujourd’hui 10 février qu’à compter de maintenant, les foyers de soins infirmiers et les établissements de soins pour bénéficiaires internes autorisés par le ministère ne pourront plus exiger un dépôt de garantie de leurs résidents. Dans certains foyers de soins de la province, les dépôts de garantie variaient de 900 $ à 4 700 $, selon le tarif quotidien de logement du résident et selon qu’il s’agissait d’un dépôt de 30, 60 ou 90 jours. Ce changement réglementaire interdisant les dépôts de garantie exige aussi que les dépôts de garantie déjà versés soient remboursés d’ici le 12 avril. Mme MacDonald affirme que le changement ne devrait avoir aucune incidence sur les exploitants de foyers de soins infirmiers puisque les créances irrécouvrables ne constituent pas un sérieux problème dans ce domaine. « Les aînés sont heureux de l’élimination des dépôts de garantie dans les établissements de soins de longue durée, a dit Jack Hatcher, porte-parole du Groupe de IX. Il s’agit d’un fardeau non nécessaire depuis des années. » Le Groupe de IX représente les organismes pour les aînés de la province.
OTTAWA — A top Trump administration cabinet member says the end of punishing steel and aluminium tariffs on Canada and Mexico is close at hand.Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin says the U.S. is close to an “understanding” with its two North American neighbours about finally lifting the 25-per-cent duty on steel and 10-per-cent levy on aluminum imports from their two countries.Mnuchin says lifting the tariffs is an important part of getting the newly negotiated North American free-trade deal ratified in all three countries, and he says President Donald Trump has issued instructions to resolve the impasse.Mnuchin was testifying at the U.S. Senate appropriations subcommittee as Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland heads to Washington to meet Trump trade czar Robert Lighthizer in a renewed push to get the punitive tariffs lifted.Freeland will also go to Capitol Hill for a meeting with the influential Republican chair of the Senate finance committee, Chuck Grassley, who expressed optimism earlier this week that the tariffs might soon be lifted.Mnuchin says he has also spoken to Finance Minister Bill Morneau and their Mexican counterpart about the tariffs, but that Lighthizer is actively leading discussions on them.The Canadian Press
Jorge Barrera APTN National NewsThe Harper cabinet has been holding up agreements on three modern treaties for over two years, according to a report released Thursday by the federal government.The report was commissioned by Aboriginal Affairs Minister Bernard Valcourt who appointed former federal negotiator Doug Eyford to review Ottawa’s comprehensive claims policy, also known as its modern treaty process.The report, which was submitted to Valcourt on Feb. 20, essentially calls for a massive overhaul of Ottawa’s approach to dealing with comprehensive claims, arguing that many of its failings have been pointed out in various reports and studies over the past 30 years.Eyford’s report, A New Direction: Advancing Aboriginal and Treaty Rights, lays much of the blame at the feet of Ottawa which has essentially set the rules of the comprehensive claim game.“Many noted that Canada’s negotiators have limited authority to agree to anything unless previously approved within the federal system,” said the report. “Canada’s negotiators do not have the authority to make commitments on behalf of all federal departments.The issue, however, is not simply one of bureaucratic intransigence, but one the reaches to the cabinet table, the report said. Under the current structure, the negotiations need cabinet approval at several phases of talks. The report found that six treaty tables are stuck waiting for the federal cabinet to either initial or sign-off on agreements-in-principles and three have been in the queue for more than two years.“Canada is considered an uncreative negotiating partner,” said the report. “Productive negotiations are effectively suspended when cabinet approvals are required.”Eyford recommends the Aboriginal Affairs Minister get the authority to approve framework and agreements-in-principle, instead of leaving it up to cabinet to give the sign-off.Agreements are also held up by the need to check-in with about 40 federal departments and agencies throughout negotiations, the report said.Eyford recommends Ottawa create internal standards and timelines for departments and agencies to respond to the needs of the negotiations.The report found that many First Nation groups involved in talks complained about Ottawa’s “cookie cutter, take it or leave it approach instead of interest-based, good faith negotiations.” The report said that even provincial and territorial government officials said that Ottawa lacked “sensitivity” to regional issues in the North and Atlantic Canada.“There were also complaints that dialogue at tables is constrained because federal mandates are narrowly construed,” said the report. “For example, I was told that Canada’s negotiations with the Mi’kmaq and the Nova Scotia government have not been productive because those groups want to discuss the modernization of historic peace and friendship treaties while Canada is proposing to negotiate a modern treaty.”The report, however, also puts some of the responsibility on First Nation groups. Some First Nations don’t want to end negotiations because they are concerned about locking-in treaty rights “when there is a prospect that other rights not contemplated during negotiations may subsequently be defined by the courts.”Also, the cash, mostly in loans from Ottawa, is hard to give up.“The fact the treaty process provides a constant source of funding and employment in Aboriginal communities can also serve as a disincentive to conclude negotiations,” said Eyford’s report.The report said some First Nations may also not be ready for the process.Download (PDF, Unknown)Eyford makes a total of 43 recommendations to Valcourt on changing Ottawa’s approach to an issue that has tied up large-swaths of the country, prevented development and created an environment of potential conflict.Among the recommendations, Eyford calls for “a new reconciliation framework” with “a renewed and reformed comprehensive land claims policy along with a wider spectrum of policies and initiatives to reconcile constitutionally protected Aboriginal and treaty rights.”He said this new framework “should reflect the historic, cultural and regional diversity among Aboriginal communities to effectively address Aboriginal and treaty rights.”Eyford also recommends that Ottawa create “a central agency responsible for the coordination and oversight of treaty implementation” which would also have to file “an annual report in Parliament about treaty implementation activities.”Valcourt released a statement saying Ottawa would be working on creating a “new reconciliation framework” and begin talks with First Nation groups and “other stakeholders” on the report’s recommendations.“Our goal is to work in partnership so we can seize opportunities to promote prosperous communities and economic development for the benefit of all Canadians,” said Valcourt, in the statement.Comprehensive claims are negotiated with First Nations which do not fall under the numbered or so-called “surrender” treaties. A final agreement essentially sets out and defines self-government, land and Aboriginal rights for a particular First Nation.Most of these comprehensive claims are negotiated with First Nations and Aboriginal groups in British Columbia, the northern territories, parts of Ontario, Quebec and Atlantic Canada.Since 1973, Ottawa has only settled 26 comprehensive claims, while 75 are currently in various stages of negotiation, the report said. British Columbia faces the bulk of negotiations with 53 claims in the works. There are 14 comprehensive claims being negotiated outside of that province along with eight trans-boundary claims.Eyford spoke with over 100 First Nation communities before publishing the report. He was tasked with the report by Valcourt on July 28, firstname.lastname@example.org@JorgeBarrera
TOKYO — The lawyer for Nissan’s former chairman Carlos Ghosn, who is being held on charges of falsifying financial reports, says the 64-year-old businessman is suffering from a fever.Ghosn’s lawyer Motonari Ohtsuru said Thursday that doctors at the Tokyo Detention Center said he should rest after running a fever of 38.8 C (101.8 F) late Wednesday.Visits to Ghosn by consular officials and lawyers were postponed.On Tuesday, Ghosn told a Tokyo court he was innocent, in his first public appearance since his Nov. 19 arrest. The court rejected an appeal by Ghosn’s lawyers for his release from detention.During the hearing Tuesday, Ghosn appeared much thinner than before he was arrested. Earlier, he had asked for more comfortable conditions than are usually provided at the detention centre.The Associated Press
Late on Wednesday Rudd, a Mandarin-speaking former diplomat, highlighted the difficulties associated with “the end of China’s resource boom” and said he would work to rebuild the government’s strained relations with the business community. He made no mention of whether he would change policy or bring forward elections due on September 14. Financial markets see few implications for the $1.5 trillion economy, which is struggling to cope with the end of a historic mining boom as commodity prices fall and a record pipeline in resource investment starts to falter. Australian business was scathing of the political instability and called on Rudd to abandon laws which strengthen trade union access to the workplace and which tighten rules for temporary skilled immigration.“Our tolerance factor with instability in the leadership of Australia’s government is at breaking point, matched only by a swathe of anti-business policies which have brought business frustration to boiling point,” said Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry chief executive Peter Anderson. Kevin Rudd was sworn in as Australian prime minister for the second time on Thursday, a day after toppling Julia Gillard and three months out from scheduled elections with polls suggesting the ruling Labor Party is staring at a devastating defeat.Rudd’s resurrection as prime minister comes after three years of bitter infighting within the Labor leadership and as the world’s 12th largest economy faces challenges from a slowdown in top trade partner China. Manufacturing has been hurt by a strong Australian dollar and other sectors of the economy are struggling to pick up the slack as the mining bonanza fades.“While some bounce in the polls and possibly confidence is expected, the political games will be largely a sideshow to deeper issues in the Australian economy,” Nomura interest rate strategist Martin Whetton said of Rudd’s re-appointment.Rudd’s return is the latest chapter in a three-year battle with Gillard, his former deputy who rolled him in 2010 and led a minority government. Gillard announced she was quitting politics at the next election after losing the party ballot. “The economic challenges facing Australia, especially our declining competitiveness, high cost structure and low confidence, are serious.”Rudd’s first task will be a major cabinet reshuffle after a string of senior ministers loyal to Gillard resigned from the cabinet, including former deputy prime minister and treasurer Wayne Swan, Trade Minister Craig Emerson and Climate Change Minister Greg Combet.Immigration Minister Chris Bowen was sworn in as Treasurer and Transport Minister Anthony Albanese was sworn in as deputy leader on Thursday, after Rudd won an internal party ballot to oust Australia’s first female prime minister. Rudd is likely to test his support in Australia’s hung parliament, but he has commitments of support from the Greens and three independents, making it likely he will be able to control a majority.The shift back to Rudd came after a series of polls found Labor is facing electoral annihilation in September, losing up to 35 seats and handing a massive majority to the conservative opposition.Rudd, always among the most popular of politicians with the electorate, was welcomed back by voters.“I am glad that we’ve now been given the opportunity to have the prime minister we voted in several years ago,” said Peter Mayson, a building industry employee in Sydney.Analysts said the dramatic leadership change should help lift Labor’s standing in opinion polls, although the initial boost might not last until the elections and Labor was still likely to lose power.“I think Kevin Rudd will probably do better than Gillard would have done,” Nielsen pollster John Stirton told Australian radio on Thursday. “Where it could come unstuck is that the initial burst of support simply may not last.”Opposition Leader Tony Abbott has called on Rudd to call an election for early August to end the instability and to let voters decide who should be prime minister. (Reuters)
“Once the results of the analyses of the samples are received, the Secretariat will produce a report on the basis of these results and will transmit a copy of this report to the United Kingdom,” Ahmet Üzümcü, the Director-General of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), told the body’s Executive Council.“The UK has expressed its wish to be as transparent as possible and has already indicated its preference for disclosure of the report to other States Parties,” he added.The samples were collected from Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia, who have been hospitalized since when they were found on a public bench in the English city of Salisbury in early March, after reported exposure to a toxic chemical.In the immediate aftermath of the incident, the UK said that it was “highly likely” that Russia was behind the incident using a deadly nerve-agent. The accusations were met by a firm denial by Russia, which as a State Party to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), requested today’s Executive Council meeting.The UK sent the OPCW samples of the nerve agent within days of the incident.According to OPCW, samples were also collected from a third individual – a police official – reportedly exposed to the chemical.The samples were sealed and brought to the OPCW laboratory on 23 March.An OPCW expert team was deployed to the UK at the country’s request seeking technical assistance in identifying the nature of the toxic chemical reportedly used.In his update, Mr. Üzümcü also said that OPCW team worked independently and in not involved in the national investigation by the UK authorities and that no State Party is involved in the technical work that is being carried out by the Secretariat.The OPCW is the implementing body of the Convention, which came into force in 1997 and outlaws the production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and their precursors.
Justin Trudeau and U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi are betting on the NBA Finals, with the prime minister putting bagels and beer up against wine and chocolate.The Toronto Raptors lead the Golden State Warriors in the best-of-seven championship series 3-1 with a chance to close out the franchise’s first NBA title tonight at home in Toronto.Ahead of the game, Pelosi, who is from San Francisco and an ardent Warriors fan, says she’ll send Ghirardelli chocolate, California wine and a smattering of almonds and walnuts from her home state should Golden State fail to win yet another title.Trudeau says in a statement that the chocolate and a glass of California wine will “pair nicely with the Raptors’ first NBA title.”But maybe Pelosi knows something the prime minister doesn’t by placing the bet with Golden State deep in a hole: Does the speaker have inside intelligence on whether Warriors superstar Kevin Durant is healthy after a leg injury and ready to make his series debut?If the Warriors come back to win their third title in as many years, and fourth in five, Trudeau will have to send smoked Atlantic salmon, Peace by Chocolates chocolates, St-Viateur Bagels, Pansawan dry bison meat, Nanaimo bars, and Ontario craft beer.Nowhere in the bet is the fate of the new North American free-trade agreement that requires Congressional approval, the timeline of which Pelosi dictates as speaker of the House of Representatives.