Five-time Ballon d’Or winner Cristiano Ronaldo was asked about how his experience in Italy would pan out and check out his response.“I don’t know, maybe it’ll be different here in this club,” he said as quoted in Football Espana.“So far, I feel the people at the club are different, they are nice and like a family. The supporters are the same.“I’m excited and of course I want to make them happy. I’ve been a professional for 15-16 years, so my method is always the same.Quiz: How much do you know about the 2018-19 Serie A campaign? Boro Tanchev – May 28, 2019 Let’s see how deep your knowledge is about the 2018-19 Serie A campaign. Good luck and have fun!“I played for many years at Manchester United and Real Madrid, now is a new adventure, but I want to always keep the same working method and ethic, helping the team to achieve our goals.“I know the League, as I followed it on television, but never played here before. I hope that I can adapt very fast, but I come here for the challenge to the best club in Italy, is exciting and I hope to start the season as well as possible.“Thank you for everything, I’ll do my best and for sure we’re going to win things together.”
Sporting director Rafael Alkorta confirmed Athletic Bilbao’s interest in re-signing former stars Ander Herrera and Fernando LlorenteBoth players will be out of contract at the end of the season at Manchester United and Tottenham respectively.Herrera, who’s been at United since 2014, is understood to be in talks over a new deal, while Llorente could leave Spurs in this month’s transfer window.The 33-year-old striker has previously expressed an interest in rejoining Athletic, where he spent eight years at and scored 111 goals in 327 games, after growing tired of playing second fiddle to Harry Kane at Spurs.Now Alkorta has confirmed Athletic’s interest in Herrera and Llorente along with two other stars.Zidane reveals Sergio Ramos injury concern for Real Madrid Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Zinedine Zidane has put Sergio Ramos’ availability for Real Madrid’s trip to Sevilla next weekend in doubt after withdrawing him against Levante.“We are interested in Javi Martinez, Ibai [Gomez], Ander Herrera, Llorente…” Alkorta told Cadena Ser.“It’s obvious that any player that can play for Athletic is of interest to us.“Nothing is easy but we are interested in having all of the ones that can come. We have not made any moves yet. We will start on Tuesday and we will see what can be done.”Athletic secured their third win of La Liga this season by beating Celta Vigo 2-1 on Monday night after goals from Iker Muniain and Iñaki Williams.The Basque club are now 16th in the standings and two points above the drop zone.
Freedom fighter Bir Protik Kakon Bibi. (Photo UNB)Freedom fighter Bir Protik Kakon Bibi was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of MAG Osmani Medical College Hospital due to serious health complications on Monday night, reports UNB.Physician Mosaddek Hossain said she was suffering from asthma and heart diseases for long and recently she was attacked by pneumonia.The freedom fighter was admitted under the observation of medicine specialist Nazmul Islam, said Mosaddek adding she was later shifted to the intensive care unit under the observation of physician Sabyasachi Roy.A medical board will be formed on Wednesday for her treatment, he added.In 1971, Kakon Bibi was arrested and brutally tortured by Pakistani army as she worked as a war spy and fought against the Pak army.She fearlessly took part around 20 direct wars.She sustained bullet wounds on her leg at the Ambari fight. Bibi still bears the bullet marks on her body.At present, Kakon Bibi along with her family is living at Jirargaon of Doarabazar upazila in Sunamganj district.
Participants pose for a photograph at a roundtable on ways to prevent HIV-AIDS and unwanted pregnancy at Karwan Bazar’s CA Bhaban on Wednesday. Photo: Prothom Alo.Consistent use of condom and creating awareness can prevent unintended pregnancy and spread of HIV virus, health experts told a roundtable on Wednesday.Prothom Alo, in association with Social Marketing Company (SMC) and USAID, organised the roundtable on social awareness and ways to prevent HIV-AIDS and unwanted pregnancy at Karwan Bazar’s CA Bhaban.Assistant director general at Director General of Health Services (DGHS), AHM Enayet Hussain, said that to meet ‘90-90-90’ target of UNAIDS, there are obligations such as diagnosis of 90 per cent of all HIV-positive persons, providing antiretroviral therapy for 90 per cent of those diagnosed, and achieving viral suppression for 90 per cent of those treated by 2020.He said the government has clear commitment to prevent HIV/AIDS, but affected people are still not interested to take treatment. Creating awareness is a solution to this problem, Enayet Hussain added.Managing director and chief executive officer of Social Marketing Company (SMC), Ali Reza Khan, said expatriate Bangladeshi and Rohingya population are at greater risk of HIV-AIDS. Around 200 Rohingyas were diagnosed with AIDS in Cox’s Bazar last year.He said there is no scope to be complacent although Bangladesh has a low prevalence rate of HIV.According to the government estimation as of October 2018, 6,455 people have been diagnosed with HIV-AIDS and 1,072 died since first detection of the disease in Bangladesh in 1989, said health department’s AIDS/STD programme’s deputy director and programme manager Belal Hossain.As many as 879 were detected with HIV positive in 2018, he said.Family planning department’s director Mohammed Sharif said the authorities should consider feasibility of screening HIV at airports.USAID’s project management specialist Samina Choudhury said only promotion of condom is not sufficient to prevent AIDS as awareness has to be created about other reasons of AIDS.Dhaka University’s professor of population sciences department, Mohammad Bellal Hossain, regretted that the use of condom in Bangladesh is still low and inconsistent due to various myths and phobia associated with it.Emphasising on awareness campaign, senior manager of health department’s AIDS/STD programme, Akhteruzzaman, said that there are 25 HIV testing centres across the country but affected people do not go to the facilities.UNAIDS Bangladesh’s country manager Saima Khan stressed on creating social awareness saying that most of the HIV positive patients do not want to disclose their illness due to social stigma about the disease.UNFPA’s programme expert Abu Sayed Mohammad Hasan said that 48 per cent of 4.8 million pregnancies in Bangladesh in a year are unwanted and most of them resort to unsafe abortion.Speakers also stressed on the necessity of consistent use of condom by sex workers to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.Icddr’b’s project coordinator of programme for HIV and AIDS AKM Masud Rana, Save the Children’s chief of party of HIV/AIDS programme Lima Rahman, SMC programme operation’s head of behaviour change communication Mohiuddin Ahmed and Mukto Akash Bangladesh’s deputy director Mizanur Rahman, among others, spoke at the roundtable moderated by Prothom Alo associate editor Abdul Quayyum.
Violette BulePatricia Coral X 00:00 /07:03 Blue TarpsThe blue tarpsNever arrive Or they arriveLateIf they arriveThe blue tarpsThat cannot dryThe tearsNor ease the waitingDo not arriveAnd sometimesArriveToo lateThe blue tarps of femaNever get hereIn timeTo dressThe voidAnd shelter usFrom heavenTo hide usFrom GodSo we speak to him lessThe tarps of femaArrive and do not arriveAfter brokenRoofsAnd emptyHousesAnd the flightOf familiesAfter the rain and the floodAnd the lack of breadAnd landAnd freedomThe blue tarps of fema arriveTo invadeThe greenery of our mountainsTo announceHow many houses are leftWithout roofTo show us thoseThat still have theirsSo we can learnTo tallyPoverty Listen This poem is reprinted with permission of the author and co-translated in English by Patricia Coral and Layla Al-Bedawi.Music used: Le Noveau Départ (excerpt) and Automne (excerpt) by Alexandra Stréliski from Inscape and Pianoscope and Mad Rush (excerpt) by Philip Glass from GlassmastersTo learn more about this series, go here. In this sound portrait, we meet poet Patricia Coral. She talks about poetry’s beauty and emotions, how her writing often inhabits in-between spaces and why poetry is like an X-ray. She reads her poem, “Toldos Azules (Blue Tarps).”Patricia Coral was born in Puerto Rico, were she obtained an MA in Spanish Literature and Linguistics. She is a writer of creative nonfiction and poetry, but frequently her words find their home in-between. In 2017, she co-founded Fuente Collective, an organization devoted to experimentation, collaboration and hybridity in writing and other arts. Her work is published or forthcoming in Crab Fat Magazine, Yellow Chair Review, Una realidad más amplia / A Larger Reality, Women Poets of the Americas and elsewhere.Patricia CoralBlue tarps covering damaged rooftops in Puerto Rico after Hurricane MariaToldos AzulesLos toldos azulesno llegano llegantardesi lleganLos toldos azulesque no secan las lágrimasni calman la esperano llegany a vecesllegandemasiado tardeLos toldos azules de femanunca llegana tiempopara taparel vacíoy escondernosdel cielopara alejarnosde Diosy hablarlemenosLos toldos de femallegan y no llegandespués de los techosrotosy las casasvacíasy la huidade las familiasdespués de la lluvia y las inundacionesy la falta de pany de tierray de libertadLlegan los toldos azules de femaa invadirel verde de las montañaspara anunciarcuántas casas quedaronsin techopara que podamos verlas que aún lo tieneny aprendamosa contarla pobreza Share To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code:
Laura Murphy, Eric Holder and Bob Dole (right) were honored at the 39th Annual Hubert H. Humphrey Civil and Human Rights Awards Dinner. (Photo by Rob Roberts).Former ACLU Washington Director Laura Murphy, the recently retired U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder, and former Sen. Robert Dole were the 2015 honorees at the 39th Annual Hubert H. Humphrey Civil and Human Rights Awards Dinner on May 13. The event was held at the Washington Hilton Hotel. Wade Henderson, the president and CEO of the dinner’s sponsor, The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, said that the work of the honorees is needed now more than ever.“We have major national problems to solve,” Henderson said. “On nearly every indicator that we use to measure progress, people of color, low-income people, and other marginalized groups are falling further behind and, in many ways, doing worse than they were in 1960. Our schools are more segregated, our levels of unemployment are at an all-time high, we faced continued discrimination in voting and employment, and our incarceration rates have increased exponentially.”The dinner is named after Humphrey, U.S. vice president from 1965-1969 and senator representing Minnesota from 1949-1964 and 1971-1978. Humphrey was a strong advocate for civil and human rights and played key roles in the enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.Murphy was lauded by many speakers as one “who looks like Bambi but bites like Jaws.” Former Minnesota State Sen. Mee Moua, the president and executive director of Asian Americans Advancing Justice, introduced Murphy to the audience as “my role model, confidant and friend.”“When I grow up I want to be just like you,” Moua said.Murphy, a descendant of AFRO founder John H. Murphy Sr., is a native of Baltimore. She has worked for U.S. Rep. Shirley Chisholm, California Assembly Speaker Willie Brown, and in the administration of D.C. Mayor Sharon Pratt Kelly.As the chief lobbyist for the ACLU, Murphy spearheaded efforts in the enactment of the Fair Sentencing Act, the 1982 and 2007 extension of the Voting Rights Act, and the Family Medical Leave Act. She has also been outspoken on issues such as the rights of citizens’ post-9/11 attacks and immigration reform.Murphy, joined at the event by members of her family including prominent Baltimore attorney Billy Murphy, said that as a child, her family discussed the issues of the day at the dinner table.“We [my siblings] were expected to know the news and especially what was in the family newspaper, the AFRO,” Murphy said.Murphy thanked her former ACLU staff members and encouraged them to be zealous in the fight for civil and human rights. “Let’s carry on,” she said.Pulitzer-prize winning author Taylor Branch introduced Holder calling him “an attorney general in the tradition of Robert Kennedy.”Holder, replaced by the first Black female U.S. attorney general Loretta Lynch, said, “[The] Justice Department is in good hands.”Noting his achievements in fair sentencing, defending voting rights laws, fighting state discrimination laws and standing for marriage equality, Holder said “that if you got a better Justice Department, show me.”“This has been a Justice Department that has been unafraid to act,” he said.Dole was presented by Sheila Bair, former chairman of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and a former staffer for the senator. Dole said that he supported every major piece of civil and voting rights legislation, as well as the Martin Luther King Jr. Federal Holiday bill, while serving on Capitol Hill.“I believe if you are a citizen of this country, you should vote in this country,” he said.Ivan Thornton, Ballou Senior High School junior member of its nationally-renowned band, attended the dinner with director, Darrell Watson, and some of his colleagues. Ivan said that he was glad he came to the event.“This is magnificent,” Ivan said. “All of us are in awe of the people who are here and what is going on. This is opening my eyes to a lot more stuff than what we see going on in Southeast.
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Artificial trees. Image: Institution of Mechanical Engineers The engineers from Britain’s Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IME) have asked their government for an investment of 10 million pounds (around 16.3 million dollars) in these ideas to counter the threat to Britain posed by global warming. One of the authors of the report, Dr Tim Fox, said geo-engineering techniques could buy us a few extra years’ breathing space while we transition to a low-carbon world, and may help ward off the climate change scenarios we fear. The report claimed global temperatures could rise by as much as 6°C in the next 90 years if we don’t act soon, and the results would include major refugee movements as well as food and water shortages. Algae-coated buildings. Image: Institution of Mechanical Engineers One proposal was the building of forests of artificial trees. Each synthetic tree could capture up to 10 tons of CO2 a day, which is thousands of times more than a real tree. Each tree would cost around $24,400, and a forest of 100,000 of them could be constructed within the next couple of decades using existing technologies. A forest that size would be able to remove 60% of the UK’s total CO2 emissions. Globally, forests of five to ten million trees could absorb all the CO2 from sources other than power plants.The trees would have a special synthetic filter that absorbs carbon dioxide. When the filters had absorbed their load of CO2 they would be replaced with new filters and the old ones would be stored in empty gas and oil reservoirs, such as depleted oil wells in the North Sea. The trees are already at the prototype stage and their design is well-advanced. The prototype is the size of an average shipping container.Another proposal put forward by the study was to install transparent tubes filled with algae on the outside of buildings. The “algae based photobioreactors”, as they call them, would absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and could later be turned into charcoal, which could then be buried to trap the carbon dioxide. Reflective buildings. Image: Institution of Mechanical Engineers (PhysOrg.com) — A new study on how technology could help to regulate climate change has studied hundreds of ideas, and selected three considered practical and able to be implemented quickly. The report’s authors propose the construction of forests of artificial trees and installing tubes of algae on the sides of buildings to absorb carbon dioxide. They also proposed painting the roofs of buildings white to keep the Earth cool by reducing the amount of solar radiation absorbed. Explore further Citation: Forests of Artificial Trees Could Slow Global Warming (2009, August 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-08-forests-artificial-trees-global.html The third idea proposed by the IME was to paint city roofs white to reflect sunlight back into space and prevent it warming the Earth. Cities can be up to 4°C hotter than suburban areas, and reflective roofs could reduce the need for cooling and save up to 60% of a building’s energy use.Dr Fox warned that geo-engineering ideas such as those proposed are not a silver bullet that will solve all the problems, and they would need to be used in conjunction with other measures such as reducing our emissions and adapting to changes in the climate.More information: Read the full Institution of Mechanical Engineers report© 2009 PhysOrg.com Plant a tree and save the Earth?
3. Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.Following Itskov’s keynote on the first day of the Congress, the late Dr. James Martin, who tragically passed away on June 24, 2013, gave a sweeping, engaging talk on The Transformation of Humankind—Extreme Paradigm Shifts Are Ahead of Us. An incredibly prolific author of books on computing and related technology, Dr. Martin founded the Oxford Martin School at Oxford University – an interdisciplinary research community comprising over 30 institutes and projects addressing the most pressing global challenges and opportunities of the 21st century. Dr. Martin – in the highly engaging manner for which he was renowned – presented a remarkably accessible survey of the interdependent trends that will increasingly threaten humanity over the coming decades. Dr. Martin made it disturbingly clear that population growth, resource consumption, water depletion, desertification, deforestation, ocean pollution and fish depopulation, atmospheric carbon dioxide, what he termed gigafamine (the death of more than a billion people as a consequence of food shortage by mid-century), and other factors are ominously close to their tipping points – after which their effects will be irreversible. (For example, he points out that in 20 years we’ll be consuming an obviously unsustainable 200 percent of then-available resources.) Taken together, he cautioned, these developments will constitute a “perfect storm” that will cause a Darwinian survival of the fittest in which “the Earth could be like a lifeboat that’s too small to save everyone.” However, Dr. Martin also emphasized that there are solutions discussing the trends and technologies that – even as he acknowledged the resistance to implementing or even understanding them – could have a positive impact on our future:The Singularity and an emerging technocracyGenetic engineering and Transhumanism, in particular, a synthetic 24th human chromosome that would contain non-inheritable genetic modifications and synthetic DNA sequences Artificial Intelligence and nanoroboticsYottascale computers capable of executing 1024 operations per secondQuantum computingGraphene – a one-atom thick layer of graphite with an ever-expanding portfolio of electronic, optical, excitonic, thermal, mechanical, and quantum properties, and an even longer list of potential applicationsAutonomous automobilesNuclear batteries in the form of small, ultra-safe and maintenance-free underground Tokamak nuclear fusion reactorsPhotovoltaics that make electricity more cheaply than coal Capturing rainwater and floodwater to increase water supplyEco-influence – Dr. Martin’s term for a rich, enjoyable and sometimes complex way of life that does no ecological harm”We’re capable of creating a future which is enormously better than the present we live in today,” Dr. Martin said. “What I’m doing is trying to make that happen, as far as one person can.” His words, legacy and generosity of spirit are how we all must remember him. Process flow schematic for the nanofabrication of 64 channel silicon neural probes. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0026204 PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen As many Phys.org readers undoubtedly know, Einstein famously said that imagination is more important than knowledge – but there’s more to it. Dr. Peter H. Diamandis: We are evolving into meta-intelligence group-minds. Courtesy of GF2045 Avatars, androids and robotics were much-discussed topics at GF2045, and these intersected in the presentation given by Dr. Hiroshi Ishiguro, Director of the Intelligent Robotics Laboratory in Osaka, Japan, The Future Life Supported by Robotic Avatars. Ishiguro creates human-like robots rich in features that support effective relationships with humans. In particular, his Geminoid Teleoperated Androids are based on his research into the experience of presence – the feeling of human existence on our physical proximity and interactions – and the capability to transfer or reproduce the human presence through technology. (In fact, in his talk Ishiguro described how he often sends his personal Geminoid HI-2 to remote locations, allowing him to teach classes, give lectures and attend meetings via telepresence.) In addition to the highly photorealistic, lifelike Geminoid, Ishiguro has developed many other humanoids and androids, including Robovie, Repliee, Telenoid, and Elfoid. Russian tycoon wants to move mind to machine Play Dr. Hiroshi Ishiguro and Geminoid HI-2. Copyright (C) ATR Hiroshi Ishiguro Laboratory Journal information: PLoS ONE Dr. Natasha Vita-More: Body by Design. Courtesy of GF2045 “These three challenges offer a new perspective on how we consider concepts such as what is natural to be human and how far we can go in human enhancement in order to still be a person,” Vita-More continues. “Also, it objectifies the body as a sensory-adept transportation and communication system for the brain and mind. However, before my concept of a whole-body prosthetic system is less threatening to society, there needs to be more awareness of the need for prosthetics replacement parts for the body and the extreme need for organ transplants, and that in order to preserve human well-being, we need to provide sufficient knowledge to the public these requirements. In other words” she adds, “we have to be aware that if we want to be healthy and protect ourselves from the damages of disease, we need to protect our biological bodies and be as healthy as possible for as long as possible – and if we want to continue living, we might bet benefit from opting for technological advances in the development of my vision of a whole-body networked prosthetic.”Vita-More emphasizes that addressing these challenges will require significant scientific, technological, cultural, and other developments, including greater advances in neuroscience, cognitive science, information technology, and human-computer interaction. “In other words” she says, “the body is a necessary component of personal identity – as our transportation vehicle and our sensory system – that provides data to the brain in order to be a sentient and sapient being. However,” she cautions, “science and technology are only part of the puzzle. Design is essential because its function or purpose is to identify and solve problems – a process known as need-finding.”The second aspect of design, Vita-More continues, “is to resolve the need in an iterative process until a viable outcome is developed, followed by iteratively testing that outcome. In a sense,” she notes, “design is never fully completed or finished. Rather, it can be seen as a work in progress that continues to take advantage of new tools and methods.”That said, Vita-More notes that there are two immediate developments needed to address the challenges of designing and building platform-diverse bodies that benefit from semi- and non-biological devices implanted or wearable systems: how to backup the brain and transfer it into these bodies, and how to present this idea to society so that it is understood as a an alternative to a biological body. ‘The central issue is a cultural bias that the person would be a robot or cyborg, which is a misunderstanding of terms. Instead,” she concludes, “the person would be a transitional human – still a humane, empathic, passionate person – but not 100% biological.”Towards that end, Vita-More is creating a transdisciplinary Human Enhancement Design (HED) educational program, that explores biotechnology and genomics, nanotechnology and nanomedicine, information technology and Artificial General Intelligence, robotics and smart prosthetics, neuroscience and cognitive sciences, consciousness studies and ethics, and other areas that pertain to issues of backing up the brain and whole body prosthetics. Moreover, as an ecological system comprising humans and the environment, HED explores ways to improve our relationship with the environment, extend lifespan, and map the future of human-computer interface devices. Dr. Hiroshi Ishiguro: Robot Science Made in Japan. Courtesy of Japan Society The development of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) to allow paralyzed individuals to control various external prosthetic devices, such as a remote robotic arm, was another key topic at GF2045. UC Berkeley researchers Dr. Jose Carmena (Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering and Neuroscience, Co-Director of the recently-launched multidisciplinary Center for Neural Engineering and Prostheses, and Principal Investigator at the Brain-Machine Interface Systems Laboratory) and Dr. Michel Maharbiz (Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Co-Director of the Berkeley Sensor & Actuator Center, and member of the Center for Neural Engineering and Prostheses) addressed this topic in their joint presentation, Brain Control of Prosthetic Devices: The Road Ahead. A very recent example of the BCI research Carmena and Maharbiz discussed is Neural Dust: An Ultrasonic, Low Power Solution for Chronic Brain-Machine Interfaces3, a theoretical pre-print paper by Maharbiz, Carmena, lead author Dongjin Seo, Jan M. Rabaey, and Elad Alon published in July 2013. The paper proposes neural dust – thousands of ultra-miniaturized, free-floating, independent sensor nodes that detect and report local extracellular electrophysiological data – with neural dust power and communication links established through a subcranial interrogator. With the purpose being to enable “massive scaling in the number of neural recordings from the brain while providing a path towards truly chronic BMI,” the researchers’ goal is “an implantable neural interface system that remains viable for a lifetime.” The paper explores “the fundamental system design trade-offs and ultimate size, power, and bandwidth scaling limits of neural recording systems built from low-power CMOS circuitry coupled with ultrasonic power delivery and backscatter communication.” Dr. Michel Maharbiz: Complete single interrogator, single neural dust power and communication through link models. Source: arXiv:1307.2196v1 To accelerate their work, GENI Lab is running a crowdfunding campaign to secure additional support using Indiegogo as their crowdfunding platform. “We chose Indiegogo,” Goertzel points out, “because it’s a big-time, recognizable brand, but provides more flexibility in how you structure and manage your campaign than other crowdfunding engines.” He adds that their Indiegogo project has already been mentioned on KurzweilAI, Next Big Future and other sites – and that Adam Z1 and an updated DeSTIN paper10 to be presented at the Sixth Conference on Artificial General Intelligence (AGI-13) at Peking University on July 31 – August 3, 2013.When considering the emergence of powerful human-like Artificial General Intelligence that may well evolve its own emotional responses and values, an important and hotly-debated question is whether or not it is possible – and if so, how – to create ethical machines. In Making Minds Morally: the Research Ethics of Brain Emulation, Dr. Anders Sandberg – a Computational Neuroscientist, and James Martin Research Fellow at the Future of Humanity Institute at Oxford University, and Research Associate at the Oxford Neuroethics Center – addressed the social and ethical impact of cognitive enhancement and whole brain emulation. “We want to get to the future,” Sandberg said in his talk, “but that implies that the future had better be a good place. Otherwise, there wouldn’t be a point in getting there – but that would mean in turn that the methods we’re going to use to get to the future had better be good as well.” Sandberg went on to describe his approach of being ethically proactive as it applies to the 2045 Avatar Project and questions of death and identity. 64 channel silicon-based neural probes with nanoscale leads. (A–C) Three configurations of probes. Scale bars, 200 mm. (D) Gold recording sites and nanoscale leads, patterned with e-beam lithography. The lead width ranges from 1000 nm at the top left-hand corner, to 290 nm at the bottom right-hand corner of the image. Scale bar, 50 mm. (E) A section of interconnecting leads belonging to the ‘‘honeycomb’’ array configuration displayed in (A) and (D). The narrowest traces have width and spacing of 290 nm. Scale bar, 5 mm. (F) Characteristic chisel-shaped profile of the probes resulting from deep reactive ion etching of silicon. Scale bar, 25 mm. (G) Silicon device cross-section. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0026204 Dr. Michel Maharbiz: Neural dust system diagram showing the placement of ultrasonic interrogator under the skull and the independent neural dust sensing nodes dispersed throughout the brain. Source: arXiv:1307.2196v1 Maharbiz also contributed to the implementation and engineering of an inspired BCI project at the Berkeley Sensor & Actuator Center, A Modular System for High-Density, Multi-Scale Electrophysiology – the brainchild of Tim Blanche, Investigator at the Allen Institute for Brain Science and previously at Redwood Center for Neuroscience. Based on Multiplexed, High Density Electrophysiology with Nanofabricated Neural Probes4, the project is intended to advance both fundamental neuroscience research and development of next-generation neural prosthetic devices. Based on the elusive goal of large-scale electrophysiology simultaneous recording of thousands of individual neurons in multiple brain areas, the project will establish a complete system for multi-scale electrophysiology in awake, freely behaving mice, using state-of-the-art nano/neural interfaces comprising tiny silicon probes integrated with on-chip optical waveguides and compliant monolithic polymer cables connected a unique lightweight head-mounted recording system, based on a custom Application-Specific Integrated Circuit, that will perform electrophysiological recording, signal amplification, filtering, signal multiplexing, and digital sampling on a single chip. Moreover, this technology will allow optogenetic neuronal excitation/inhibition and the recording of large ensembles of individual neurons in many different brain regions to be simultaneously performed. Copyright © GENI Lab Walking the talk of prosthetic augmentation, Nigel Ackland, who lost his right arm in a metals smelting accident in 2006, described (in his first time speaking in public) his experience with the bebionic3 myoelectric prosthetic hand manufactured (and supplied to Ackland at no cost) by RSLSteeper in England. Ackland – whose moving and engaging talk received a well-deserved standing ovation – said that the loss of his arm left him feeling that it was “game over,” but added that having worn the bebionic3 for about a year, his life had now become “extraordinary.” Ackland then demonstrated some of the bebionic3’s features and functions, which were indeed remarkable. Citation: The world according to Itskov: Futurists convene at GF2045 (Part 1) (2013, August 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-08-world-itskov-futurists-convene-gf2045.html Nigel Ackland: ‘Terminator’ false arm ties shoelace and deals cards. Courtesy of RSLSteeper Although Dr. Ben Goertzel, leading Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) Researcher and Founder of the OpenCog AGI project5,6, and Robotics Designer & Researcher Dr. David Hanson were scheduled to introduce GENI Lab and the Adam Z1 Genius Machine intelligent robot project at GF2045, their talk unfortunately encountered a scheduling conflict. However, Goertzel and Hanson were in attendance at the conference and were able to informally discuss their work with many attendees, and briefly present Adam Z1 to some, after the conference. The GENI Lab team – Goertzel, Hanson, Robotics Physicist Mark Tilden, and Consciousness and Design Researcher Gino Yu – are focused on creating and broadly disseminating intelligent robots, and conducting R&D aimed ultimately at the production of robots with greater-than-human consciousness, creativity, and compassion. A non-profit organization, GENI Lab embraces open source, open standards, and open collaboration to integrate adaptive intelligence, social and emotional interaction, and life-like mechanical controls and bodies. GENI Lab’s central medium-term goal is the creation of a life-sized humanoid robot with a realistic, emotional face and personality a fluidly moving body, based on the integration of analog, digital and mechanical control the ability to communicate about its physical environment and its tasks and behaviors therein the capability of simple but socially and emotionally appropriate communication in natural language Their short-term work with Adam Z1 and other robots is being pursued in the interest of this goal. The core adaptive general intelligence technology underlying GENI Lab robots rests largely on. Goertzel’s OpenCog architecture, and integrates the Hanson Robotics APIs and the DeSTIN machine vision system (initially developed at University of Tennessee at Knoxville by Itamar Arel7). “For example,” Goertzel told Phys.org, “our pattern recognition software identifies patterns in DeSTIN’s interpretation of visual scenes observed by a robot’s camera, and feeds these patterns into OpenCog.”A key aspect of GENI Lab’s approach is overcoming the limitations of current robotics technology by creating robots that elicit rich social and emotional interactions from humans. “To this end,” Goertzel says, “we overhauled OpenCog’s motivational and emotional system, creating a new system called OpenPsi8,9 gives OpenCog a more human-like emotional makeup.” (OpenPsi is modeled on Joscha Bach’s MicroPsi AI system, which is based on German psychologist Dietrich Dörner’s Psi model of mind.)In essence, Goertzel notes, Adam Z1 will be unique on two ways. “Internally, he will be the first robot that integrates deep learning- based visual perception with symbolic logical reasoning. Behaviorally, our main goal is for him to engage in creative social play like a young child. A good example would be: If you ask him to “Build me something I haven’t seen before,” he would remember what he’d seen you see, and then build you something different, While a smart three year old could accomplish this seemingly simple task – which integrates visual perception, movement, theory of mind and social interaction, and planning – no robot today can. “Further down the road,” he adds, “we would like the robot to be the first one to pass the standard preschool IQ test without any special test-specific training.”Within this framework, Goertzel continues, there are many R&D challenges to address. “One of these challenges is to successfully get vision and audition received from the robot sensors to work effectively with OpenCog’s symbolic reasoning. Another is doing natural language comprehension effectively via speech input – and given the mediocre state of current speech-to-text software, the system will have to use its emerging cognitive understanding to compensate for the ambiguities and errors in the output of speech to text software. A third challenge is optimizing the OpenCog core system for real-time processing at the speed needed for intelligent robot control, given that the robotics context involves a lot more data than the virtual-agent context we’ve mostly been dealing with lately.”The robot Adam Z1, as designed by Hanson (a former Disney sculptor and Imagineer), is cute in a toy-like sense, rather than having a more human appearance. “We did this to remain on the right side of the so-called Uncanny Valley – that is, to appeal to human emotions without creeping anyone out,” Goertzel explains. “Also, its intelligence is going to be human-like rather than precisely human, so it seems appropriate that its appearance has the same quality.” © 2013 Phys.org. All rights reserved. Explore further The full quote reads: I believe in intuition and inspiration. … At times I feel certain I am right while not knowing the reason. When the eclipse of 1919 confirmed my intuition, I was not in the least surprised. In fact I would have been astonished had it turned out otherwise. Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited, whereas imagination embraces the entire world, stimulating progress, giving birth to evolution. It is, strictly speaking, a real factor in scientific research.1 Futurists, visionaries, scientists, technologists, philosophers, and others who take this view to heart convened on June 15-16, 2013 in New York City at Global Futures 2045 International Congress: Towards a New Strategy for Human Evolution. GF2045 was organized by the 2045 Strategic Social Initiative founded by Russian entrepreneur Dmitry Itskov in February 2011 with the main goals of creating and realizing a new strategy for the development of humanity – one based upon our unique emerging capability to effect self-directed evolution. The initiative’s two main science projects are focused largely on Transhumanism – a multidisciplinary approach to analyzing the dynamic interplay between humanity and the acceleration of technology. Specifically, the 2045 Initiative’s projects seek to (1) enable an individual’s personality to be transferred to a more advanced non-biological substrate, and (2) extend life to the point of immortality – and those skeptical about the likelihood of achieving these goals should consider Arthur C. Clarke’s laws of prediction2: 1. When a distinguished but elderly scientist states that something is possible, he is almost certainly right. When he states that something is impossible, he is very probably wrong. 2. The only way of discovering the limits of the possible is to venture a little way past them into the impossible. Dr. Anders Sandberg: What kind of humanity should we want to make? Courtesy of TEDxTalks Dr. Natasha Vita-More, designer and author, professor at the University of Advancing Technology, and currently Chairman of Transhumanist organization Humanity+, presented her vision of building platform-diverse bodies that could be mind-driven avatars for parlaying our personas within computational systems and telepresence in Substrate Autonomous, Networked Avatar Bodies by Design. “The three biggest challenges to implementing my vision for Bodies by Design are located within the complex sphere of social awareness,” Vita-More tells Phys.org. Specifically, she explains, these are the beliefs that the human body should be strictly biological; the brain will not, at some point, be backed up and transferable to a non-biological bodily system; and if a brain were backed up and transferred to a non-biological bodily system, it would be the same identity or person as the biological system. “To this end,” she adds, “I think that within the next five years we will see academic courses focused on the Transhumanist worldview, on my work and research in whole-body prosthetics, and significant competition amongst engineers and designers building whole-body prosthetics. In addition, anyone who wants to contribute to Bodies by Design can contact me at Natasha Vita-More Projects.” More information: The world according to Itskov: Futurists convene at GF2045 (Part 2)1Cosmic Religion: With Other Opinions and Aphorisms (1931) by Albert Einstein; also in Einstein on Cosmic Religion and Other Opinions and Aphorisms (2009) by Albert Einstein (Kindle version) 2Hazards of Prophecy: The Failure of Imagination in the collection Profiles of the Future: An Enquiry into the Limits of the Possible (1962, rev. 1973, this edition published 2000) 3Neural Dust: An Ultrasonic, Low Power Solution for Chronic Brain-Machine Interfaces, arXiv:1307.2196v1 (PDF) 4Multiplexed, High Density Electrophysiology with Nanofabricated Neural Probes, PLoS ONE 6(10): e26204 (2011), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0026204 (PDF) 5OpenCog: A Software Framework for Integrative Artificial General Intelligence, Proceedings, AGI-08, Memphis 6OpenCogBot: Achieving Generally Intelligent Virtual Agent Control and Humanoid Robotics via Cognitive Synergy, Proceedings, International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ICAI) 2010, Beijing (PDF) 7DeSTIN: A Scalable Deep Learning Architecture with Application to High-Dimensional Robust Pattern Recognition, Proc. AAAI 2009 Fall Symposium on Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures (BICA), November, 2009 8OpenPsi: Realizing Dörner’s “Psi” Cognitive Model in the OpenCog Integrative AGI Architecture 9Dynamics of a computational affective model inspired by Dörner’s PSI theory, Cognitive Systems Research, v.17-18, 2012 July-August, p.63(18), doi:10.1016/j.cogsys.2011.11.002 10Integrating Deep Learning Based Perception with Probabilistic Logic via Frequent Pattern Mining Mark Tilden, Ben Goertzel, David Hanson, Adam Z1. Caption: Copyright © GENI Lab Dr. James Martin: A crunch is coming. Courtesy of GF2045 Perhaps the epitome of that act of creation is our emerging ability to direct our own evolution. Dr. Peter H. Diamandis, founder and chairman of the X PRIZE Foundation and author of Abundance: The Future Is Better Than You Think, addressed the long-term implications of this game-changing transition in his talk on Intelligent Self-directed Evolution Guides Mankind’s Metamorphosis Into An Immortal Planetary Meta-intelligence. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Explore further More information: via Forbes Daniel G. Nocera. Credit: Courtesy of Daniel G. Nocera (Phys.org)—Harvard Chemist Daniel Nocera has announced during a lecture at the Energy Policy Institute in Chicago, that he and his colleagues have engineered a bacterium that has made it capable of taking in carbon dioxide and hydrogen, and excreting several types of alcohol fuels, along with biomass that can be burned and used as an energy source. During the talk, he claimed that a paper he and his colleagues have written regarding the work will soon be published in the journal Science. Bionic leaf: Researchers use bacteria to convert solar energy into liquid fuel Citation: Engineered bacterium inhales carbon dioxide and hydrogen and excretes fuel alcohols (2016, May 31) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-05-bacterium-inhales-carbon-dioxide-hydrogen.html © 2016 Phys.org Nocera achieved a level of notoriety five years ago, when he and his team announced that they had created an artificial leaf that could be used to generate hydrogen for use as a fuel—that idea did not lead to hydrogen fuel cells displacing gasoline in automobiles, as he had hoped, so this go round, he has set his sights or providing a fuel source for those more in need—parts of India where there is still no electricity.The new bacterium, which has been named Ralston eutropha was first caused (via genetic engineering) to take in carbon dioxide and hydrogen, which it used to produce adenosine triphosphate, as is done with plants. The team then took the work further by applying techniques pioneered by Anthony Sinskey to cause the bacterium to then convert the ATP to various types of alcohols (isopentanol, isobutanol, isopropanol) which were then excreted. Nocera claimed that when the bacterium was allowed to reproduce, clusters of them were capable of producing alcohols at 6 percent efficiency and biomass at 10.6 percent efficiency, (plants in comparison are approximately 1 percent efficient at converting sunlight and carbon dioxide into biomass).Noting that some might see masses of such bacteria pulling carbon dioxide from the atmosphere as a possible solution to reducing global warming, which is believed to be at least partly caused by an excess of the gas in the atmosphere, Nocera suggested that was not the most likely outcome—he envisions people in need burning the alcohol and biomass as a fuel source, which would of course return the carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere—making it a carbon-neutral resource. He finished his lecture by announcing that he and his team are currently looking for investors to bring the technology to parts of India where it is so badly needed. Journal information: Science This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Good oral hygiene can reduce bad bacteria in the mouth and thus decrease the risk of developing pneumonia, a research has found. Pneumonia is an infection that inflames air sacs in one or both lungs, which may fill with fluid.The infection is more common among older people and those with conditions such as AIDS or lung disease. The study found that people who never get dental checkups had an 86 per cent greater risk of pneumonia than those who visit the dentist twice a year. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf“There is a well-documented connection between oral health and pneumonia, and dental visits are important in maintaining good oral health,” said lead author Michelle Doll, Assistant Professor at Virginia Commonwealth University in the US.“We can never rid the mouth of bacteria altogether, but good oral hygiene can limit the quantities of bacteria present,” Doll added.The human body contains 10 times as many microbes (bacteria, fungi and viruses) as human cells on or in the body, from the skin to the gastrointestinal system (including the mouth). Some microbes are good and some are bad, but even bad microbes only cause disease under certain circumstances. In some cases, bacteria can be accidentally inhaled or aspirated into the lungs and cause pneumonia. Bacteria that commonly cause pneumonia include streptococcus, haemophilus, staphylococcus, and anaerobic bacteria. Routine dental visits may reduce the amount of bacteria that can be aspirated, Doll said. “Our study provides further evidence that oral health is linked to overall health, and suggests that it’s important to incorporate dental care into routine preventive healthcare,” Doll said.
Kolkata: Former CPI(M) MP Jyotirmoyee Sikdar joined Trinamool Congress on Thursday. Sikdar, an athlete and Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna awardee in 1998-99, was elected from the Krishnanagar Lok Sabha seat in 2004. She was defeated by Trinamool Congress candidate Tapas Paul in 2009.Sikdar was a close aide of former Sports minister Subhas Chakraborty. She had taken part in CPI(M)’s campaign in the 2016 Assembly election. After joining Trinamool Congress along with 200 CPI(M) supporters, the former MP said she was attracted by the all-round development carried out in Bengal by Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.