Order of Companions of OR Tambo. Order of Mapungubwe. Order of the Baobab. (Images: SA Army) Khanyi MagubaneCuban revolutionary Fidel Castro and astute businessman and former politician Cyril Ramaphosa are amongst the 28 recipients of the prestigious National Orders from the South African government on 27 March.The 28 men and women will be acknowledged by President Kgalema Motlanthe, custodian of the National Orders, as having playing a significant role in South Africa’s advancement in different key areas.Castro, instrumental in leading the Cuban revolution, which overthrew the government of General Fulgencio Batista in the late 1950s, has always had close ties to South Africa.He will be honoured for his contribution to ending racism, colonialism, apartheid and inequality in human society by receiving the Supreme Order of Companions of OR Tambo in Gold.Ramaphosa will be bestowed with the Order of Baobab in Silver, while Professor Kader Asmal, former education minister and human rights activist, will be awarded the Order of Luthuli in Silver.Other recipients include Rebecca Masilela, who played a vital role in helping exiled politicians in Swaziland when they fled to her for refuge.Another role player of the liberation movement, James “Jimmy” la Guma, will also receive the Order of Luthuli in Silver.Speaking at the announcement of the National Orders on 25 March, Director-General in the office of the president Reverend Frank Chikane said those chosen to receive the special awards were “extraordinary people”.“The national orders are prescribed in the National Constitution of the Republic of South Africa that part of the responsibility of the president is to honour extraordinary people in South Africa who serve in one form or another … in making a contribution to the country,” Chikane said.Chikane added this year’s award will be bestowed under the theme “Hope and Resilience,” and form part of nation building to, “seek to heal the divisions of the past and establish a society based on democratic values, social justice and human rights.”Head of the advisory council for the awards, Yvonne Muthien described those receiving the National Orders as outstanding, “[I believe] they are outstanding because they have in some way contributed to making a better life for all for those who live in South Africa.”Muthien shared the announcement of this year’s recipients with Chikane at the event held in Pretoria. Amongst those who will receive their awards at the Union Buildings include the Namibian born Andimba Toivo ya Toivom who will be acknowledged for his contribution to independence and freedom in South Africa and Namibia. A founding member of the Ovamboland People’s Congress, Toiya’s political activities lead to his arrest in 1966 by the South African authorities.He was imprisoned on the infamous Robben Island for 20 years.Toivo will receive the Order of Companions of O.R. in Silver.How the National Orders workFor the 2009 chapter of the National Orders, the Order of Baobab, the Order of Luthuli and the Order of O.R. Tambo will be handed to the beneficiaries.The hierarchy of National Orders is decided upon based on the contribution of the individuals.The Order of Baobab finds its inspiration from the baobab, a tropical African tree.The origin of the name baobab forms part of many African ancient legends and mysteries. Known as having magical properties for Africans, the qualities of the baobab tree is its ability to endure ferocious weather and its longevity.The Order of Baobab is awarded to South Africans for distinguished service, well above and beyond the ordinary call of duty – showing tenacity and resilience.The recipients are individuals who have made a contribution in the struggle for democracy; building democracy and human rights; nation building; peace and security; journalism, literature, arts, culture and music; business and the economy; science, medicine and technological innovation.Divided into three categories, the Order is awarded in the Supreme Counsellor of the Order of Baobab in gold, the Grand Counsellor of Baobab in silver and the Counsellor of Baobab in bronze.The Order of O.R. Tambo is awarded to foreign nationals (heads of state and government) and other foreign dignitaries.It is awarded for friendship shown to South Africa and is regarded as an order of peace, co-operation and active expression of solidarity and support.The Order of Luthuli is awarded to South Africans who have made a meaningful contribution to the struggle for democracy, human rights, nation building, justice and peace, and conflict resolution.It is also conferred in three categories; the Supreme Companion of O.R. Tambo (gold), Grand Companion of O.R. Tambo (silver) and Companion of O.R. Tambo (bronze).The Order of Luthuli is given to South Africans who’ve made a meaningful contribution to the struggle for democracy, human rights, nation building, justice and peace, and conflict resolution.It’s named after the late Chief Albert Luthuli, who is widely regarded for his vision to see African people participate fully in the socio-economic and political development of South Africa.The legendary liberation struggle leader became the first African recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1961.Other National Orders, which will not be awarded this year, include the Order of Mapungubwe, Order of Ikhamanga and the Mendi Decoration for bravery.The first orders were bestowed in 2003. Some notable recipients of the National Orders include musicians Abigail Kubeka and Dorothy Masuka, American musician Harry Belafonte, pioneering ANC leader John Dube and recent winner of the Commonwealth prize for best African novel, Mandla Langa. The symbols for the different National Orders were decided by a panel of academics and specialists versed in indigenous symbols and symbolism.They were asked to identify key factors and elements that denote the collective and inclusive history and experience of Africa with South Africa as the main point of reference.Do you have any comments or queries about this article? Email Khanyi Magubane at: firstname.lastname@example.org Related ArticlesUN lifetime award for Tutu UK honours top SA nurse World honour for SA Botanist Judge Sachs in honoured in NY Useful LinksSouth African National OrdersDepartment of Arts and CultureAlbert Luthuli biographyO R Tambo biography
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Peggy Hall, director of agricultural law, Ohio State University Agricultural and Resource Law ProgramWith archery season in full swing and deer gun season opening today, hunters will be out in full force across Ohio. That means it’s also high season for questions about hunting laws, trespassers, property harm, and landowner liability. Below, we provide answers to the top ten frequently asked questions we receive on these topics.I gave them permission to hunt on my land, but do I have to sign something? Permission to hunt should be in writing. Ohio law requires a person to obtain written permission from a landowner or the landowner’s agent before hunting on private lands or waters and to carry the written permission while hunting. A hunter who doesn’t obtain written permission can be subject to criminal misdemeanor charges. ORC 1533.17. The ODNR provides a permission form at http://wildlife.ohiodnr.gov/Portals/wildlife/pdfs/publications/hunting/Pub8924_PermissiontoHunt.pdf. If a hunter uses another form, read it carefully before signing and ensure that it only addresses hunting and doesn’t grant other rights that you don’t want to allow on the land. Do family members need a license to hunt on my land? Some of them will, depending on their relationship to you. Resident landowners, their children of any age and their grandchildren under the age of 18 are exempt from the hunting license requirement when hunting on the landowners’ private lands and waters. The same rule applies if a limited liability company (LLC), limited liability partnership (LLP) or a trust holds the land and the LLC, LLP or trust has three or fewer members, partners, trustees and beneficiaries, as long as the LLC member, LLP partner or trustee is a resident of Ohio. When the landowner is not a resident, only the landowner, spouse and children of any age may hunt without a license, and only if the landowner’s state of residency grants the same rights to Ohioans who own land in that state. ORC 1533.10. Family members who don’t fall under the license exemption must obtain a hunting license and follow the written permission requirement. Does a hunter need my permission to retrieve an animal injured on another property? The written permission requirement applies to all of these activities: shooting, shooting at, catching, killing, injuring, or pursuing a wild bird, wild waterfowl or wild animal. ORC 1533.17. Will I be liable if a hunter is injured on my land? Probably not. Two laws apply to this situation, depending upon whether you gave the hunter permission. A landowner is not liable for injuries to or harm caused by a hunter who does not have written permission to be on the land. ORC 1533.17. Ohio’s Recreational User Statute applies when a hunter does have permission to be on the land; it states that a landowner has no legal duty to keep the premises safe for a hunter and assumes no responsibility for or incurs liability for any injury to person or property caused by any act of a hunter. ORC 1533.181. Note that this immunity doesn’t apply if the landowner charges a fee for hunting, unless the fee is a payment made under a hunting lease with a hunter or hunting group. ORC 1533.18. Read more about the law in our law bulletin, here. These laws provide significant protection from liability for hunter injuries, but won’t protect a landowner who willfully or recklessly causes harm to hunters. One situation that might rise to the level of willful or reckless conduct by a landowner is granting permission to too many hunters and failing to inform or manage the hunters, explained below. What if several people want to hunt on my land—how many should I allow? Ohio law does state how many hunters can have permission to hunt on a parcel, but be careful about setting up a dangerous situation by allowing multiple hunters on the land at once. If you do give permission to several hunters, let them know that others could also be hunting on the land and designate a particular parking area so that they know when other hunters are present. You could even consider scheduling hunters on certain days. If the hunters are part of a hunting club, consider leasing your land to the hunting club and letting the club decide how to manage multiple hunters (see our Hunting Lease checklist, here). Taking such steps to manage multiple hunters will ensure that you aren’t behaving recklessly and have immunity from liability under the Recreational User Statute. Should I allow a hunter to bring along someone who’s not hunting? In regards to liability for that person, the Recreational User Statute described above applies to any person engaging in any kind of recreational activity, in addition to hunting. Hiking or walking on the land is a recreational activity covered under the law. As long as you give permission and don’t charge the recreational user a fee, the law provides immunity from liability for their injuries. What if a hunter leaves a tree stand or a blind on my land—can I get rid of it? It depends. It’s okay to carefully remove a stand or blind from the area, but be careful about damaging or getting rid of it too soon if it’s the property of a hunter who had permission to be on the land. According to Ohio common law, you might be liable for the property under a claim of “conversion” if the property is not “abandoned” or “lost.” Abandoned property is that to which the owner has relinquished all rights with the intention of not reclaiming it, while lost property is that which the owner has involuntarily parted with through neglect, carelessness, or inadvertence. A finder who possesses abandoned property takes absolute title to the property, while a finder of lost property takes title against everyone except the owner. In either case, destroying or disposing of property that is not abandoned or lost could lead to a claim of conversion, and you could be liable for the damages. What if a hunter who had my permission to hunt ends up harming my property? There are two ways with deal with property harm from hunters. First, the hunting laws prohibit a hunter from acting in a negligent, careless or reckless manner so as to injure persons or property. Violating this law can lead to first degree misdemeanor charges and compensation to the landowner, as well as revocation of the hunting licenses and permits. ORC 1533.171 and 1533.99. Second, Ohio law allows a landowner to seek compensation for the “reckless “destruction of vegetation, trees and crops under ORC 901.51. Reckless means acting intentionally and without regard for consequences. If successful, a landowner can receive triple the amount of the harm caused to the property. What can I do to a trespasser who’s hunting on my land? Dealing with trespassers is tricky. First, don’t willfully harm the trespasser, as you could be liable for causing intentional harm. Second, call your local ODNR wildlife officer or the Turn in a Poacher program, below, to report the incident. Third, read our law bulletin on “Do’s and Don’ts of Dealing with Trespassers on the Farm,” available on farmoffice.osu.edu, here. What if I see someone violating hunting laws? ODNR’s “Turn in a Poacher” program encourages the public to report wildlife violations such as hunting out of season or without a license or permission. The program provides several ways to report: complete an online form available at http://wildlife.ohiodnr.gov/stay-informed/turn-in-a-poacher-tip and submit it through the internet or via mail, call the TIP hotline at 1-800-POACHER, or use the same number to text photos of suspects, vehicles or signs of violations. All reports are confidential. The nursery rhyme “A Hunting We Will Go” paints a happy-go-lucky picture of hunting. But hunting raises many questions and concerns for agricultural landowners. Ohio law offers rules and remedies that can ease those concerns. Landowners who know and use the laws just might be able to hum along with the nursery rhyme through hunting season.
Automobili Lamborghini South East Asia and Pacific head Sebastien Henry poses with the Huracan LP 610-4 during its launch in Mumbai.Luxury super-sports carmaker Automobili Lamborghini rolled out Huracan LP610-4, priced at Rs 3.43 crore (ex-showroom price in Delhi) in Mumbai on Monday. Delivery is scheduled to begin next month.’Today, we are very proud to officially launch the new Lamborghini Huracan LP 610-4 here in India.Automobili Lamborghini continues to set new benchmarks in the luxury supersports car industry and, we expect the Huracan to be well received in this country,’ Automobili Lamborghini’s South East Asia head Sebastian Henry said.With its name inspired by the Spanish sport of bullfighting, the Huracan is designed to be bold and edgy while its exterior incorporates LED-lighting technology.
WILMINGTON, MA — Here are highlights from the Wilmington Police Log for Thursday, May 24, 2018:A Shawsheen Avenue resident called to report his mailbox was vandalized sometime overnight. (6:43am)Animal Control Officer responded to reports of an injured turkey on Boutwell Street. Officer transported turkey to Tufts in Grafton. (7:40am, 9:56am)A NAPA employee reported a deceased mother opossum with its babies still alive. Animal Control Officer responded. (3:14pm)An anonymous caller reported 2 quads on the roadway on Wabash Road. (3:59pm)A juvenile walked after from the Milestone Group Home on High Street and was entered into NCIC. (4:56pm)A white 2015 Honda Civic and a white 2016 Chevy Cruze were involved in a crash on Main Street. Both vehicles towed. One party complained of head, neck and back pain and was transported by the Fire Department. (5:14pm)A passerby reported a man sitting on the bench on Main Street, near the dog groomer, waiving what appeared to be a hand gun. Police responded. Dog walker in the area did not see anything. (5:18pm)(DISCLAIMER: This information is public information. An arrest does not constitute a conviction. Any arrested person is innocent until proven guilty.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip?Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedPOLICE LOG for July 26: 2 Missing Teens; OUI Arrest; Main St. Shut Down Due To Crash; Road Rage IncidentIn “Police Log”POLICE LOG for August 2: Vehicle Damages Roadway; Police Called Over Suspicious BehaviorIn “Police Log”POLICE LOG for July 25: Wilmington Man Arrested For OUI; Men Carrying Sledgehammers Down Street; Turkeys Causing TrafficIn “Police Log”
Even if your five-year-old kid does not know what money can buy for him or her, the moment he or she gets to know the value of it, chances are the knowledge may make him or her less philanthropic in nature, says an interesting research.In other words, the act of handling money makes young children work harder and give less. This effect was observed in children who lacked the concrete knowledge of money’s purpose and persisted despite the denomination of the money. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“Money is a double-edged sword. It produces good outcomes in terms of concentration and effort but bad outcomes when it comes to helping, taking, and donating.” said professor Kathleen Vohs from the University of Minnesota and co-author of the study.For this, the researchers conducted five experiments and one study involving 550 children (ages three-six) in Poland and the US. In one experiment, the children were asked to either sort money or buttons before completing a challenging puzzle. The paper is forthcoming in the journal Psychological Science.
Good oral hygiene can reduce bad bacteria in the mouth and thus decrease the risk of developing pneumonia, a research has found. Pneumonia is an infection that inflames air sacs in one or both lungs, which may fill with fluid.The infection is more common among older people and those with conditions such as AIDS or lung disease. The study found that people who never get dental checkups had an 86 per cent greater risk of pneumonia than those who visit the dentist twice a year. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf“There is a well-documented connection between oral health and pneumonia, and dental visits are important in maintaining good oral health,” said lead author Michelle Doll, Assistant Professor at Virginia Commonwealth University in the US.“We can never rid the mouth of bacteria altogether, but good oral hygiene can limit the quantities of bacteria present,” Doll added.The human body contains 10 times as many microbes (bacteria, fungi and viruses) as human cells on or in the body, from the skin to the gastrointestinal system (including the mouth). Some microbes are good and some are bad, but even bad microbes only cause disease under certain circumstances. In some cases, bacteria can be accidentally inhaled or aspirated into the lungs and cause pneumonia. Bacteria that commonly cause pneumonia include streptococcus, haemophilus, staphylococcus, and anaerobic bacteria. Routine dental visits may reduce the amount of bacteria that can be aspirated, Doll said. “Our study provides further evidence that oral health is linked to overall health, and suggests that it’s important to incorporate dental care into routine preventive healthcare,” Doll said.
MMTC, one of the largest trading company in Asia, recently launched its first exclusive MMTC Gold and silver jewelry franchise “Ultimate purity”, in south extension II, Delhi. The event was inaugurated by Ved Prakash, CMD, MMTC.”The brand aims to become the leading International trading house in India which could operate in the competitive global trading environment, with focus on domestic gold monetization and ‘Make in India’ scheme,” said Ved Prakash CMD, MMTC during the launch. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAdding to that, Ultimate purity owner Jatinder V.Sehgal said that MMTC brand gives assurance to the customer and is a name of trust through which he will carve a memorable voyage in his new venture. MMTC as a launch pad in a jewellery market is a big boon to him and he believes in customer satisfaction before profit. The gold bangles and silver items are all hallmarked and are certified for their purity.MMTC – largest importer of gold in India – has massive plans for expansion with encouraging more gold channelizing in India. The brand announced launch of 50 more franchise this year all over India which will offer authentic and cultural designs as per the region and their demands. The purity of Gold/Silver Bullion Bars (Kilogram Bar of 995 Purity or 100 gm Gold Bar of 999 purity and silver bars of 0.999 fine purity) assures the satisfaction of the customer and takes the credibility of every piece of jewellery manufactured by them. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveDuring last financial year, total profit after taxes was 57.06 crores. MMTC has a large prospect at the International market, serving countries in Asia, Europe, Africa, Middle East, Latin America and North America.Excelling in the best way and sharing many success stories, MMTC-PAMP has become India’s first LBMA accredited refiner for Gold and silver. During 2016-17, MMTC sold Gold Bars produced by MPIPL in the domestic market, achieving aturnover of 7922.2 million. MMTC is all set to land on e-commerce, ie. Now MMTC products will be available at a very feasible rate. The plan is to make it online before Dhanteras (Diwali).