The report includes nine recommendations to correct the various problems. The FDA disagreed with four of the recommendations, including the advice that the FDA should test feed samples when it inspects feed businesses. Tests cannot detect the prions that cause BSE, but they can detect animal material, which would help in verifying inspection results, the GAO contends. Some feed businesses have never been inspected, while others have not been inspected in more than 5 years, according to the GAO report, issued in March. In addition, the FDA does not usually test cattle feed for banned material, and the agency has not always alerted other federal agencies and the states when it learned that cattle might have been given feed containing such material. GAO report “Mad cow disease: FDA’s management of the feed ban has improved, but oversight weaknesses continue to limit program effectiveness”http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d05101.pdf Sens. Tom Harkin, D-Iowa, and Dick Durbin, D-Ill., requested the GAO report. To gather information, the agency reviewed 404 FDA inspection reports, interviewed FDA officials, and watched FDA and state inspectors conduct 19 feed-facility inspections in 12 states, the report says. The GAO also surveyed state agency officials in 38 states that inspected feed facilities under contracts with the FDA last year. The report says that in commenting on a draft version, the FDA said it believed “that the weaknesses we identified are not sufficiently material to place U.S. cattle at risk for BSE and that its risk-based inspection approach assures adequate oversight of the feed-ban rule.” Apr 26, 2005 (CIDRAP News) Despite some improvements since 2002, the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) enforcement of rules to keep bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) from spreading through cattle feed still has serious gaps, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) reported recently. The report says the FDA has remedied some problems that the GAO had described in a report in early 2002. The agency now has uniform methods for inspecting feed facilities and training both FDA and state inspectors, plus better methods for tracking inspection results. The FDA has not always alerted the USDA and states when it learned that cattle might have been given feed containing banned material, even though the FDA’s guidelines call for such notifications. In one case, an inspector found that a firm had been using banned material for nearly a year; the firm issued a recall, but the FDA did not notify the USDA or the state. “We believe that the problems described in this report are serious and that, given the fact that BSE has been discovered in North American cattle, breaches in FDA’s oversight of the feed-ban rule place US cattle at risk for BSE,” the report states. But the FDA said the problems are not significant enough to pose a serious risk. About 14,800 feed manufacturers and other feed-industry businesses have been inspected so far, but the FDA knows there are others that have not been inspected, and it has no “uniform approach” for finding them. The FDA has not reinspected about 2,800 feed businesses in the past 5 years. Many of those were farms that are considered low-risk, but about 400 were feed mills, where the risk of violations is deemed higher. The FDA has given incomplete information about feed-ban compliance to Congress and the public. For example, in January 2004 the agency reported a 99% compliance rate but failed to note that the rate was based on inspections of only about 570 firms. And in some cases, FDA has counted firms as being in compliance even when the firms have placed no warning labels on feeds that contain prohibited material. See also: The FDA’s inspection guidelines do not call for routine testing of cattle feed for banned material. FDA officials said the presence of exempt items such as cattle blood in feed makes such testing useless, but officials in some states said such testing would be useful at firms that say they don’t use exempt items. Under the FDA feed ban, firms must clearly label feed and feed ingredients that may contain banned proteins with the statement “Do not feed to cattle or other ruminants.” Firms also must have methods for preventing mixing if they handle feed for both nonruminant animals (whose feed is still allowed to contain cattle protein) and ruminants. The sole US case of BSE so far was discovered in December 2003 in a Canadian born cow in Washington state. The discovery promoted the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to add some new rules to keep infective material out of the food supply and to greatly increase testing of cattle for the disease. The USDA and FDA banned the use of specified-risk materialshigh-risk cattle parts such as the brain, spinal cord, and tonsilsin human food, but they can still be used in feed for nonruminant animals and pets. BSE, or mad cow disease, spreads when cattle eat feed containing the remains of infected animals. To prevent this, in 1997 the FDA banned the use of most proteins from mammals in feed for cattle and other ruminant animals. (However, cattle blood, milk, restaurant plate waste, and gelatin can still be used in cattle feed.) However, the GAO finds that the enforcement program still has serious weaknesses: Feb 28, 2002, CIDRAP News story “GAO says US barriers to mad cow disease are full of holes”http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/other/bse/news/gaorept.html
Yesterday morning, Business Permitsand Licensing Office (BPLO) head Norman Tabud said some 9,000 businesses outthe target 16,391 were issued permits. According to Tabud, by noon about11,000 businesses managed to pay while the computation for 14,000 others werealready complete for the next step with was the payment. “Angmga wala maka-renew pasaraduhan ta until makakuhapermit with penalty na,” said MayorJerry Treñas. PHOTO BY GLENDA TAYONA/PN ILOILO City – The period for therenewal of business permits ended last night. Today, the city government willstart inspecting business establishments. He added: “Ang ginalagas man lang is the payment — dapat maka-pay sila. Angprinting sang permit and businesslicense plate to follow na lang afterJan. 20.” He was referring to the MalabananSiphoning Services which littered the city with stickers advertising itsservices yet the BPLO had no idea it did not have a permit. The most prevalent type of businesses in the city were inwholesale trade and merchandising, followed by the food and beverage andhospitality sectors, with real estate and leasing coming in fourth. “Nag-create na ko gani task force para mabuligan sya,” stressed the mayor. BPLO’s 2018 data showed that the business sector here waspredominantly made up of microenterprises – around 90 percent of which hadasset sizes of not more than P3 million. “Walana sang extension so dapat makasulod ang application today. As long as may ara pa clients within the premisesof the one-stop shop i-accommodate gid naton,” Tabud said. As of this writing yesterdayafternoon, business owners were still crowding city hall’s one-stop shop toprocess their business permits. “So very disappointing, it should nothappen again,” Treñas stressed./PN In today’s start of inspections, theBPLO would be assisted by the Bureau of Fire Protection, City Tourism andDevelopment Office and the City Treasure’s Office. Treñas recently reprimanded Tabud forcomplaining that the latter’s office did not have enough logistics to check ifsome businesses were operating without permits. It recently came to Treñas’ attention that a septic tankdesludging company had long been operating without a business permit.