No savings at 40? I’d buy these 2 FTSE 100 stocks today to retire early

first_imgSimply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. See all posts by Peter Stephens I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Image source: Getty Images “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Enter Your Email Addresscenter_img Peter Stephens | Friday, 3rd January, 2020 | More on: BLND LLOY Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. No savings at 40? I’d buy these 2 FTSE 100 stocks today to retire early Peter Stephens owns shares of British Land Co and Lloyds Banking Group. The Motley Fool UK has recommended British Land Co and Lloyds Banking Group. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. With the cost of living being high, many people will have no retirement savings at age 40. However, since they have many years left until retirement, there is still time to build a nest egg that can provide a generous passive income in older age.The FTSE 100 may have experienced a strong year in 2019, but there are a wide range of companies that appear to offer good value for money. Here are two prime examples that could be worth buying today. They may help to bring your retirement date a step closer.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…LloydsThe exposure of Lloyds (LSE: LLOY) to the UK economy has contributed to its lacklustre share price performance over recent years. Investors have been cautious about the UK’s economic outlook during the Brexit period, and this could persist during 2020.This presents a potential buying opportunity for long-term investors. Lloyds currently trades on a price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio of 9, which suggests that it offers a wide margin of safety. Furthermore, it has a dividend yield of 5.6%, which is covered twice by net profit. This could mean that it is able to generate strong total returns over the coming years.Of course, the bank’s recent updates have shown that trading conditions are uncertain. Business and consumer confidence could be held back by Brexit negotiations in the next year. However, for investors who have a long time horizon, Lloyds could offer recovery potential as it removes additional costs from its business and invests in digital capabilities. As such, now could be the right time to buy it based on a favourable risk/reward ratio.British LandAnother FTSE 100 share that has been held back by Brexit uncertainty is commercial property owner British Land (LSE: BLND). Along with many other property-related businesses, its shares have been relatively unpopular among investors in recent years. This has led to it trading on a price-to-book (P/B) ratio of just 0.7, which indicates that it could offer a wide margin of safety.Alongside Brexit uncertainty, British Land is facing a changing operating outlook. Demand for its retail portfolio has declined, due in part to the growing popularity of e-commerce. This has led to a fundamental shift in the company’s strategy, with it investing in new growth areas such as build-to-rent residential properties and flexible office space. They could offer greater long-term profit potential than retail units, and may catalyse the company’s financial prospects.The company also offers strong income potential as well as its share price recovery prospects. It has a dividend yield of over 5%, which has historically moved higher at a faster pace than inflation. Therefore, the stock is likely to have appeal for investors with a long time horizon. Its mix of income and value investing potential could improve your chances of building a nest egg and retiring early.last_img read more

Schuler Villa / andrea pelati architecte

first_img “COPY” Photographs:  Thomas JantscherText description provided by the architects. In the center of the village of Boudry, the project settles on a narrow plot, surrounded with collective housing, a church and an old mansion. Save this picture!© Thomas JantscherRecommended ProductsPorcelain StonewareApavisaBetonPorcelain StonewareApariciPorcelain Tiles – JacquardPorcelain StonewareGrespaniaPorcelain Tiles – 20MMIn this motley context and its limited openings, the villa seeks to favor the inhabitants intimacy. Back to the public space, it is widely opened on the inside and benefits from the natural green environment. It stretches over three levels to be able to appreciate some views thanks to the height. Save this picture!Floor PlanOn the ground floor, the rental apartment has the advantage of a direct access to the garden bordered with trees. In the higher levels, the entrance hall of the main apartment connects to the bedroom’s hall and a staircase that leads to the attic. At this level, the entire space is dedicated to the day zone. On the south side, the terrace extends the dining room and is opened on the park and the roof landscape of the old village. Save this picture!© Thomas JantscherThe varying height of the façade walls builds a screen against sights and allows the occupants to enjoy this space with complete serenity. On the north side, the living room is extended through a second terrace with a direct access to the private garden. The view opens then widely on the vine fields and the Jura Mountains. Save this picture!SectionText provided by andrea pelati architecteProject gallerySee allShow lessB*Sessions: LEEDing Affordable Housing SeminarArticlesContainer Architecture ExhibitionArticles Share Area:  690 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Projects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/181883/schuler-villa-andrea-pelati-architecte Clipboard Houses Switzerland Save this picture!© Thomas Jantscher+ 16 Share ArchDaily ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/181883/schuler-villa-andrea-pelati-architecte Clipboard Photographs 2010 “COPY” CopyHouses•Neuchâtel, Switzerland Schuler Villa / andrea pelati architecte Year:  Architects: andrea pelati architecte Area Area of this architecture project Schuler Villa / andrea pelati architecteSave this projectSaveSchuler Villa / andrea pelati architecte CopyAbout this officeandrea pelati architecteOfficeFollowProductsGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesNeuchâtelHousesSwitzerlandPublished on November 08, 2011Cite: “Schuler Villa / andrea pelati architecte” 08 Nov 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogShowerhansgroheShowers – RainfinityVinyl Walls3MArchitectural Finishes DI-NOC in Ned Ludd Public HousePartitionsSkyfoldMarkerboard Finish for Folding WallsBedroom furnitureFlexformMirror – EgonWaterproofing/SealantsEffisusPre-Fab System – Ecofacade Pre-fab TrueSealConcreteKrytonConcrete Hardening – Hard-CemSkylightsVELUX CommercialAtrium Longlight Skylights in ExperimentariumBlinds / Mosquito Nets / CurtainsBANDALUXRoller Shades – Arion Large SizedWoodStructureCraftEngineering – Mass TimberTiles / Mosaic / GresiteTerrealSunscreen – Terracotta BaguettesWoodHESS TIMBERTimber – GLT BauBucheLightingLumenpulseLED Projector Lumenbeam GrandeMore products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Calera del Rey House / gualano + gualano: arquitectos

first_img 2015 Houses Calera del Rey House / gualano + gualano: arquitectosSave this projectSaveCalera del Rey House / gualano + gualano: arquitectos Uruguay “COPY” Projects ArchDaily Recommended ProductsCeramicsGrespaniaWall Tiles – Wabi SabiEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesRodecaRound Facade at Omnisport Arena ApeldoornEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesAlucoilStructural Honeycomb Panels – LarcoreEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEAText description provided by the architects. Mountains, distant horizons, rustic and soft landscapeSave this picture!© Federico Cairoli20 hectares of land. The enclave, a set of rocks and a crown (Scutia Buxofolia) that position the pieceSave this picture!© Federico CairoliA courtyard to the south, protected, containing the treeSave this picture!PlanTo the north the horizon, the views and the landscape sloping down to the stream that crosses the placeSave this picture!© Federico CairoliA long vaulted ceiling defines the project 6 meters wide x 24 meters long. The dome rests on two stone walls of the place, also supported by a lightweight tubular metal structureSave this picture!© Federico CairoliBelow, three pieces of the larger stone, bedrooms, bathrooms, the kitchen counter and grillSave this picture!© Federico CairoliA gallery, a long space, covered, protected from the south and open to the northSave this picture!© Federico CairoliProject gallerySee allShow lessExcerpt: Conversations with Architects in the Age of CelebrityPublicationsCharles Birnbaum on the Need to Save DC’s Pershing ParkArchitecture News Share Photographs “COPY” Photographs:  Federico Cairoli Collaborators:Ignacio de Souza, Joaquín MascheroniConstruction:Benito PereiraCountry:UruguayMore SpecsLess Specs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/771965/calera-del-rey-house-gualano-plus-gualano-arquitectos Clipboard Year:  CopyHouses•Uruguay Calera del Rey House / gualano + gualano: arquitectos ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/771965/calera-del-rey-house-gualano-plus-gualano-arquitectos Clipboard Architects: Gualano + Gualano Arquitectos Year Completion year of this architecture project Save this picture!© Federico Cairoli+ 37 Share CopyAbout this officegualano + gualano: arquitectosOfficeFollowProductsWoodStoneConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesUruguayPublished on August 18, 2015Cite: “Calera del Rey House / gualano + gualano: arquitectos” [Casa Calera del Rey / gualano + gualano: arquitectos] 18 Aug 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – MetrisVinyl Walls3MVinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ Cross HairlinePartitionsSkyfoldVertically Folding Operable Walls – Mirage®SinksThe Splash LabTrough Sink – Monolith A SeriesSkylightsVELUX CommercialModular Skylights in Helmkehof Cultural CenterBathroom AccessoriesBradley Corporation USAWashroom AccessoriesConcrete FloorsSikaDecorative Floor CoatingsMetal PanelsSherwin-Williams Coil CoatingsFluropon® Coating in Thaden SchoolWood Boards / HPL PanelsInvestwoodViroc Nature for Partition WallsMineral / Organic PaintsKEIMMineral Wood Stain – Lignosil®-VeranoDoorsdormakabaEntrance Doors – MAGNEOSinksECOPIXELWashbasin – Light Basin LTBMore products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Letter to Editor | Why I Endorse Mike Antonovich for State Senate

first_img Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  I first met Mike Antonovich over forty years ago when we both served as Reserve Police Officers for the City of South Pasadena.Years later we again worked together when then Supervisor Mike Antonovich served as District 5 supervisor for Los Angeles County and I served as Council Member and Mayor for South Pasadena. Mike was constantly in contact with South Pasadena providing assistance from his office in many areas helping to make South Pasadena a better city.Supervisor Mike Antonovich spoke openly and honestly conveying why Sgt. Steve Owen lost his life: AB 109 and the other Sacramento policies that release violent felons prematurely. And now they want more of the same broken policies.County Supervisor Mike Antonovich stands with local law enforcement opposing AB 109 and Prop 57 and has a pro-active history of creating bipartisan results that protect the peace. Recently, the County Probation Department announced that Antonovich’s DISARM Program has successfully removed nearly 11,000 illegal firearms and over $720 million in drugs and illegal cash from our streets over the past 16 years.As a former Reserve Police Officer and former Mayor I strongly endorse Mike Antonovich and urge all my friends and voters to join me in voting Mike Antonovich for State Senate.Wally Emory,La Verne Community News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Subscribe More Cool Stuff Opinion & Columnists Letter to Editor | Why I Endorse Mike Antonovich for State Senate By WALLY EMORY, La Verne Published on Wednesday, October 19, 2016 | 1:31 pm Herbeauty5 Things To Avoid If You Want To Have Whiter TeethHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou’ll Want To Get Married Twice Or Even More Just To Put Them OnHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHere Is What Scientists Say Will Happen When You Eat AvocadosHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyNutritional Strategies To Ease AnxietyHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Lies You Should Stop Telling Yourself Right NowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty8 Easy Exotic Meals Anyone Can MakeHerbeautyHerbeauty 0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Make a comment Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *center_img EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Community News Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Top of the News Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy First Heatwave Expected Next Week Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Business Newslast_img read more

PM shows Coleraine man had heart attack after confronting burglar

first_img Google+ WhatsApp Facebook Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Twitter WhatsApp Google+ PM shows Coleraine man had heart attack after confronting burglar Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Pinterest Facebookcenter_img By News Highland – May 2, 2012 Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Pinterest 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Previous articleMan shot in punishment style attack in St JohnstonNext articleDonegal councillor says rural planning policy should be revisited News Highland RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR A pensioner collapsed and died of a heart attack after struggling with a burglar demanding money, the PSNI confirmed last night.72-year-old Bertie Acheson was found dead at his home in Coleraine, Co Derry, where his ailing wife was then forced to hand over her purse with £375 before the man fled.Mr Acheson had bruises and cuts to his lips and neck, some of which were consistent with an assault in the kitchen of his bungalow where he confronted the intruder who broke in by smashing a bedroom window.There was some sort of altercation and detectives believe the heart attack was precipitated by the emotional stress Mr Acheson was under when he was challenged by the thug.The cause of death was confirmed by a post mortem examination.Even though police suspect the man might not have intended to harm Mr Acheson they are treating the death as murder.They believe the man who escaped with cash and store and bank cards belonging to Mr Acheson’s wife Sheila, lives locally. Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Newsx Adverts Twitterlast_img read more

SC Directs Bombay HC To Decide The Plea To Stop Burial Of Persons who Died of COVID-19 In 3 Mumbai Cemeteries

first_imgTop StoriesSC Directs Bombay HC To Decide The Plea To Stop Burial Of Persons who Died of COVID-19 In 3 Mumbai Cemeteries Nilashish Chaudhary4 May 2020 12:50 AMShare This – xThe Supreme Court on Monday disposed of a Special Leave Petition against a Bombay High Court order which had refused to stay burials in 3 cemeteries in Bandra with directions to the High Court to decide the matter within 2 weeks. Noting that the impugned order was passed at an interim stage of the hearing, the Bench comprising of Justices RF Nariman and Indira Banerjee deemed…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Supreme Court on Monday disposed of a Special Leave Petition against a Bombay High Court order which had refused to stay burials in 3 cemeteries in Bandra with directions to the High Court to decide the matter within 2 weeks. Noting that the impugned order was passed at an interim stage of the hearing, the Bench comprising of Justices RF Nariman and Indira Banerjee deemed it appropriate to send the petitioners back to the High Court, for final disposal. Justice Nariman observed that a proper hearing was warranted after calling for a report from the Maharashtra Government as well as Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM). “We’re sending you back to the High Court. The order was passed at an interim stage, let there be a proper hearing after respondents file their reports. They may decide this within 2 weeks.” Fearing the risk of COVID-19 spreading through infected dead bodies, a Mumbai resident had moved Supreme Court against the High Court’s order of April 27, refusing to stay burials of deceased in 3 cemeteries in near his residence Bandra West. The original writ petition before the High Court had challenged the permission given by Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) to use certain cemeteries in Bandra for burials, but the aforementioned interim order rendered the plea infructuous, contended the petitioner. The petitioner, Pradeep Gandhy, has raised health and safety concerns involved in permitting burials to take place, especially in densely populated areas such as his. His primary contention is that burials of those who died of COVID-19 might pose a health risk to the public at large and therefore, should not be allowed for the time being. Religious rights must be subject to public order and health, in this unprecedented health crisis that we find ourselves in, urges the petition drawn up by Advocate Udayaditya Banerjee. It is argued that even if burials are permitted, the same should take place in less populated/congested areas due to the potential catastrophe that could fall upon the residents of these places, adjacent to the cemeteries alluded to. To this end, examples of cemeteries located in such areas, which have not been listed by the BMC in its circular, have also been suggested. An intervention application was also filed thereafter by Jamiat-Ulama-i-Hind, claimed that burial of dead bodies was essential in the practice of Islam, and/or Christianity, and allowing the petitioners’ prayer would go against the Right to practice one’s religion under Article 25. This application, filed by Advocate Ejaz Maqbool, further contended that the plea was based on the petitioner’s unfounded apprehensions, which lacked scientific backing, and must therefore be rejected. Next Storylast_img read more

RTI- CPIO/PIO Cannot Function As ‘Post Offices’ And Withhold Information Without Reasonable Cause, Delhi High Court

first_imgRTIRTI- CPIO/PIO Cannot Function As ‘Post Offices’ And Withhold Information Without Reasonable Cause, Delhi High Court Nupur Thapliyal30 Jan 2021 9:12 PMShare This – xThe Delhi High Court has recently held that the Central Public Information Officer (CPIO) or PIOs cannot withhold information without reasonable cause and that such officers cannot function merely as “post offices” while dealing with information sought under the Right to Information (RTI) Act. The judgment was delivered by a Single Judge Bench of the Delhi High Court comprising of…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Delhi High Court has recently held that the Central Public Information Officer (CPIO) or PIOs cannot withhold information without reasonable cause and that such officers cannot function merely as “post offices” while dealing with information sought under the Right to Information (RTI) Act. The judgment was delivered by a Single Judge Bench of the Delhi High Court comprising of Justice Pratibha M. Singh. The Court while reiterating various principles of the CPIOs and other Public information Officers held that the government departments cannot be permitted to evade disclosure of information. In cases where the department is of an opinion that any information is not available or traceable, a thorough search and enquiry must be conducted. The principles observed by the Court are as follows: 1. CPIO/PIOs cannot withhold information without reasonable cause. 2. A PIO/CPIO cannot be held responsible if they have genuinely rejected the information sought on valid grounds permissible under the Act. Mere difference of opinion on the part of CIC cannot lead to an imposition of penalty under section 20 of the RTI Act. 3. Government departments ought not to be permitted to evade disclosure of information. Diligence has to be exercised by the said departments, by conducting a thorough search and enquiry, before concluding that the information is not available or traceable. 4. Every effort should be made to locate information, and the fear of disciplinary action would work as a deterrent against suppression of information for vested interests. 5. PIO/CPIO cannot function merely as “post offices” but instead are responsible to ensure that the information sought under the RTI Act is provided. 6. A PIO/CPIO has to apply their mind, analyze the material, and then direct disclosure or give reasons for non-disclosure. The PIO cannot rely upon subordinate officers. 7. Duty of compliance lies upon the PIO/CPIO. The exercise of power by the PIO/CPIO has to be with objectivity and seriousness the PIO/CPIO cannot be casual in their approach. 8. Information cannot be refused without reasonable cause. The Court went ahead to analyze the responsibilities of CPIOs and other PIOs under sec. 5(3) of the Act which requires every officer to `render reasonable assistance’ to the persons seeking information. “CPIOs or SPIOs can seek assistance from higher/other officials in the organization in order to enable them to furnish the information sought for the `proper discharge’ of their duties, as per Section 5(4). Such other officers from whom assistance may be sought would also be treated as CPIOs, under Section 5(5). CPIOs are thus expected to look into queries raised by the Applicants under the RTI Act, and fulfill an important responsibility while furnishing the said required information, in a fair, non-arbitrary and truthful manner. The organization, as a whole, also has to cooperate in the functioning of the CPIOs.” The Court held. The observation came after the Court was dealing with a petition filed by two CPIOs working with the Union Bank of India challenging an order dated 14.12.2020 passed by the Information Commissioner, Central Information Commission (CIC). According to the said order, a penalty of Rs. 10,000 each was imposed on the petitioners for providing an incomplete response to an RTI application. Initially, the petitioners took the stand of exemption of information under sec. 8(1)(d) of the Act as being of “commercial confidence for the Bank”. However, the stand was later changed after the CIC sent them show cause notice wherein the petitioners claimed that the required documents were not traceable. Observing the present facts, the Court held that: “Such a change in stand would go on to show that there was an intention to withhold certain important documents or information, leading to the finding of mala fides and unreasonable conduct.” The Court while considering the fact that both the officers were retired from the service of the Bank, reduced the penalty to Rs. 5,000 each to be payable within 6 weeks. Judgment dated: 22.01.2021Click here to download the JudgmentNext Storylast_img

Concept Of Repugnancy Under Article 254 : Supreme Court Explains

first_imgKnow the LawConcept Of Repugnancy Under Article 254 : Supreme Court Explains LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK4 May 2021 10:46 PMShare This – xIn its judgment declaring West Bengal Housing Industry Regulation Act, 2017( WBHIRA) unconstitutional, the Supreme Court explained the concept of repugnancy between a law enacted by the State legislature and Parliament.The bench comprising Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah held that WBHIRA is repugnant to the RERA, and hence unconstitutional.At the outset, the Court noted some of the salient features of Article 254 as follows:(i) Firstly, Article 254(1) embodies the concept of repugnancy on subjects within the Concurrent List on which both the State legislatures and Parliament are entrusted with the power to enact laws; (ii) Secondly, a law made by the legislature of a State which is repugnant to Parliamentary legislation on a matter enumerated in the Concurrent List has to yield to a Parliamentary law whether enacted before or after the law made by the State legislature; (iii) Thirdly, in the event of a repugnancy, the Parliamentary legislation shall prevail and the State law shall “to the extent of the repugnancy” be void; (iv) Fourthly, the consequence of a repugnancy between the State legislation with a law enacted by Parliament within the ambit of List III can be cured if the State legislation receives the assent of the President; and (v) Fifthly, the grant of Presidential assent under clause (2) of Article 254 will not preclude Parliament from enacting a law on the subject matter, as stipulated in the proviso to clause (2)Referring to precedents in this regard, the Part H of the judgment discusses three types of repugnancy.The first, the Court said, envisages a situation of an absolute or irreconcilable conflict or inconsistency between a provision contained in a State legislative enactment with a Parliamentary law with reference to a matter in the Concurrent List.”Such a conflict brings both the statutes into a state of direct collision. This may arise, for instance, where the two statutes adopt norms or standards of behavior or provide consequences for breach which stand opposed in direct and immediate terms. The conflict arises because it is impossible to comply with one of the two statutes without disobeying the other”, the Court said.The Court said that this type of repugnancy is grounded in an irreconcilable conflict between the provisions of the two statutes each of which operates in the Concurrent List. “The conflict between the two statutes gives rise to a repugnancy, the consequence of which is that the State legislation will be void to the extent of the repugnancy. The expression ‘to the extent of the repugnancy’ postulates that those elements or portions of the state law which run into conflict with the central legislation shall be excised on the ground that they are void.”, the bench observed.The Court further explained the second type as that involving a conflict between State and Central legislations may arise in a situation where Parliament has evinced an intent to occupy the whole field. “The notion of occupying a field emerges when a Parliamentary legislation is so complete and exhaustive as a Code as to preclude the existence of any other legislation by the State. The State law in this context has to give way to a Parliamentary enactment not because of an actual conflict with the absolute terms of a Parliamentary law but because the nature of the legislation enacted by Parliament is such as to constitute a complete and exhaustive Code on the subject.”, it said.”The third test of repugnancy is where the law enacted by Parliament and by the State legislature regulate the same subject. In such a case the repugnancy does not arise because of a conflict between the fields covered by the two enactments but because the subject which is sought to be covered by the State legislation is identical to and overlaps with the Central legislation on the subject.”, the bench added.The second and third tests, the Court noted, are not grounded in a conflict borne out of a comparative evaluation of the text of the two provisions.”Where a law enacted by Parliament is an exhaustive Code, the second test may come into being. The intent of Parliament in enacting an exhaustive Code on a subject in the Concurrent List may well be to promote uniformity and standardization of its legislative scheme as a matter of public interest. Parliament in a given case may intend to secure the protection of vital interests which require a uniformity of law and a consistency of its application all over the country. A uniform national legislation is considered necessary by Parliament in many cases to prevent vulnerabilities of a segment of society being exploited by an asymmetry of information and unequal power in a societal context. The exhaustive nature of the Parliamentary code is then an indicator of the exercise of the State’s power to legislate being repugnant on the same subject. The third test of repugnancy may arise where both the Parliament and the State legislation cover the same subject matter. Allowing the exercise of power over the same subject matter would trigger the application of the concept of repugnancy. This may implicate the doctrine of implied repeal in that the State legislation cannot co-exist with a legislation enacted by Parliament. But even here if the legislation by the State covers distinct subject matters, no repugnancy would exist. In deciding whether a case of repugnancy arises on the application of the second and third tests, both the text and the context of the Parliamentary legislation have to be borne in mind. The nature of the subject matter which is legislated upon, the purpose of the legislation, the rights which are sought to be protected, the legislative history and the nature and ambit of the statutory provisions are among the factors that provide guidance in the exercise of judicial review. The text of the statute would indicate whether Parliament contemplated the existence of State legislation on the subject within the ambit of the Concurrent List. Often times, a legislative draftsperson may utilize either of both of two legislative techniques. The draftsperson may provide that the Parliamentary law shall have overriding force and effect notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other law for the time being in force. Such a provision is indicative of a Parliamentary intent to override anything inconsistent or in conflict with its provisions. The Parliamentary legislation may also stipulate that its provisions are in addition to and not in derogation of other laws. Those other laws may be specifically referred to by name, in which event this is an indication that the operation of those specifically named laws is not to be affected. Such a legislative device is often adopted by Parliament by saving the operation of other Parliamentary legislation which is specifically named. When such a provision is utilized, it is an indicator of Parliament intending to allow the specific legislation which is enlisted or enumerated to exist unaffected by a subsequent law. Alternatively, Parliament may provide that its legislation shall be in addition to and not in derogation of other laws or of remedies, without specifically elucidating specifically any other legislation. In such cases where the competent legislation has been enacted by the same legislature, techniques such as a harmonious construction can be resorted to in order to ensure that the operation of both the statutes can co-exist. Where, however, the competing statutes are not of the same legislature, it then becomes necessary to apply the concept of repugnancy, bearing in mind the intent of Parliament. The primary effort in the exercise of judicial review must be an endeavour to harmonise. Repugnancy in other words is not an option of first choice but something which can be drawn where a clear case based on the application of one of the three tests arises for determination..”, the judgment reads.Case: Forum for People’s Collective Efforts (FPCE) vs. State of West Bengal [WPC 116 of 2019]Coram: Justices DY Chandrachud and MR ShahCitation: LL 2021 SC 241Click here to Read/Download JudgmentTagsArticle 254 of Constitution Supreme Court Repugnancy Justice DY Chandrachud Justice MR Shah Next Storylast_img read more

Taoiseach confirms further easing of restrictions from June 29th

first_img RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Previous articleTwo more Covid 19 deaths confirmed in the RepublicNext articleDonegal drug detections up in first quarter of 2020 – CSO News Highland The roadmap for exiting Coronavirus restrictions has been sped up with much of phase four moved to the end of June.Pubs, hairdressers, barbers, cinemas and restaurants can all open from the end of this month.Mass can return with a cap of 50 people attending and up to 200 people can meet outdoors, with that rising to 500 on July 20th.All sport including contact sport will be able to resume on Monday week but with limited spectators.However, Leo Varadkar said people will have to show personal responsibility to keep a second wave away.In an address this evening Taoiseach Leo Varadkar outlined what will now be allowed to reopen………..Audio Playerhttps://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/attn-interested-stations.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Facebook By News Highland – June 19, 2020 Facebook Taoiseach confirms further easing of restrictions from June 29th Google+ WhatsApp Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic WhatsApp Google+center_img Pinterest Pinterest Twitter Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programme News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Twitter Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows AudioHomepage BannerNews Community Enhancement Programme open for applications Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA last_img read more

What is lava haze and why is it so dangerous?

first_imgMario Tama/Getty Images(HILO, Hawaii) — Lava from the Kilauea volcano is pouring into the Pacific Ocean off Hawaii’s Big Island, creating a new, dangerous hazard known as “laze.”When the lava enters the ocean, it generates a laze plume — a dangerous mix of lava and haze that can cause eye, lung and skin irritation.Laze plumes can travel with the wind and can change direction quickly, which has prompted authorities to urge the public to avoid the area completely. Authorities have warned that the most dangerous place to be exposed to “laze” is near the entry point of the lava into the sea. Even being downwind of the entry point is not advised because the wispy edges of the laze can cause skin and eye irritation and difficulty breathing.The U.S. Coast Guard is also helping keep people away from the coast and only allowing permitted tour boats into the area.According to the United States Geological Survey, “laze” is when molten lava flows into the ocean, reacting vigorously with seawater to create a different type of gas plume that results in hazy and noxious conditions downwind of an ocean entry. It forms through a series of chemical reactions as hot lava boils the colder seawater to dryness.Charlie Mandeville of the Volcano Hazards Program at the USGS told ABC News “the trade winds in Hawaii are currently blowing the laze to the southwest direction, causing the southeast shore of Kilauea to be at highest risk of the plume.”He said that the plume is an irritating mixture of hydrochloric acid gas, steam and tiny volcanic glass particles.The ocean-entry plume can also cause acid rain that has a pH between 1.5 and 3.5, which has the corrosive properties of diluted battery acid.Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img read more