Puma Energy Zambia Plc (PUMA.zm) listed on the Lusaka Securities Exchange under the Energy sector has released it’s 2002 annual report.For more information about Puma Energy Zambia Plc (PUMA.zm) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Puma Energy Zambia Plc (PUMA.zm) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Puma Energy Zambia Plc (PUMA.zm) 2002 annual report.Company ProfilePuma Energy Zambia Plc markets and distributes petroleum products and lubricants in Zambia; ensuring a secure, safe and affordable supply to the following sectors: business-to-business, retail, lubricant, aviation, bitumen, liquefied petroleum gas, storage, supply, bunkering, wholesale, marine systems and refining. It also owns 53 service stations, located in the main towns and cities of Zambia. Puma Energy Zambia is a subsidiary of Puma Energy International BV; a global energy business with integrated midstream and downstream operations in 50 countries across five continents. The Puma brand was created in Argentina in 1929 and founded to transport and market crude oil and its by-products. The energy company has undergone exceptional growth and now boasts an international footprint that includes the Americas, Africa, Europe and Middle East/Asia Pacific. Puma Energy Zambia Plc is listed on the Lusaka Stock Exchange
The Sirius Minerals (SXX) share price. Let’s put things in perspective G A Chester has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! See all posts by G A Chester Just 18 months ago, the Sirius Minerals (LSE: SXX) share price was north of 35p. It was the best of times. Investors felt wise, full of belief, light and hope. Today, with a putative take-it-or-lose-everything 5.5p-a-share offer on the table, it’s the worst of times. Investors feel foolish, full of incredulity, darkness and despair.But let’s put things in perspective. Even the world’s greatest investors make mistakes in assessing risk and reward. What’s important is to learn from them.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…In this article, I’ll review the shifting risk-reward history of Sirius Minerals to see what we can learn. In a follow-up article later today, I’ll discuss the permutations of potential outcomes for investors who may be considering buying, selling or holding the stock right now. And I’ll give my view on the current risk-reward position.Good progressWhen I first wrote about Sirius five or six years ago, it was a highly speculative proposition. It was, though, one of the market’s more interesting ones. This was due to its vast polyhalite asset in North Yorkshire, and potential mine life of over 100 years.I felt Sirius moved from speculative punt to a more solid investment after the company secured Stage 1 financing in 2016, with management’s plan for Stage 2 financing via debt reducing the risk of further significant equity dilution.Investment case and valuationI remained positive on the stock until September 2018. Now, it’s always wise to give due consideration to critical views about a company. Having done so, I developed some concerns about the price Sirius’s polyhalite product might command, the size of the market for it, and the quality of some of its off-take agreements. I also saw a rising risk of a dilutive equity fundraising forming part of the Stage 2 financing.I re-ran my valuation numbers on a modestly-less-successful business outcome by 2027 than I’d previously assumed. The projected investment return from the share price at the time of 36p appeared insufficient reward for the risk. Reluctantly, I rated the stock a ‘sell’. I think it pays to regularly revisit the investment case and valuation of stocks you own.Towards the end gameSirius has been on my ‘avoid’ list ever since. This is because securing debt financing to complete the project became increasingly remote. At the same time, the risk of running out of cash, and either going into administration or having to accept a low-ball offer for the company, became increasingly likely.It’s important for investors to understand, and a key part of weighing risk and reward, that there are circumstances in which equity can become worthless, even if a company owns valuable assets.Anglo American‘s offer of 5.5p a share is better than I was expecting. When I wrote about Sirius in December, I thought any potential investor interested in the equity would take things to the wire, and offer a deal at the 11th hour. Anglo made its move earlier and at a higher price than I envisaged. I got that part wrong, but will add it to my mental store of knowledge of these kinds of situations, and learn from it.Meanwhile, if you’re considering buying, selling or holding Sirius’s shares right now, look out for my follow-up article later today, discussing the permutations of potential outcomes for investors at this point. G A Chester | Monday, 24th February, 2020 | More on: SXX Enter Your Email Address Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Image source: Getty Images
“This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Zaven Boyrazian does not own shares in ITM Power. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Zaven Boyrazian | Thursday, 19th November, 2020 | More on: ITM Enter Your Email Address Hydrogen vs ElectricTesla CEO Elon Musk has made his views on the hydrogen fuel cell technology quite clear. He once called it a “staggeringly dumb” idea when compared to storing power in an efficient battery. But given he runs an electric car company, it’s fair to say he is biased.Hydrogen technology is gaining significant popularity in several European nations – including France, Germany, Spain, Portugal, Holland, and soon the UK. Prime Minister Boris Johnson recently announced plans for a Green Industrial Revolution and one of its critical points is the use of hydrogen to power industries, transport, and homes.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…The UK, along with other European nations, is slowly transitioning to a net-zero emissions economy. I’ve previously discussed what this means for the energy sector. But another crucial evolving industry is the automobile sector.Today the two most viable solutions to eliminating vehicle emissions are to change the power source to either electric or hydrogen.An opportunity to beat Tesla?NASA have been using hydrogen to power its rockets since the 1950s. It is the most abundant element in the galaxy. However, a significant problem with hydrogen technology has been sourcing the fuel.Originally, hydrogen was extracted from hydrocarbons — commonly referred to as fossil fuels. This is not exactly an environmentally friendly way of acquiring the material.Luckily ITM Power (LSE:ITM) found a much better solution. Using patented technology, it uses a process called electrolysis to convert water into hydrogen and oxygen. The process produces zero greenhouse gas emissions.Three projects – three hydrogen opportunitiesToday ITM Power has three major projects underway.The REFHYNE project is the leader in the effort to supply clean refinery hydrogen across Europe. Partnering with Royal Dutch Shell, and the European Commission’s Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU), ITM will install and operate the world’s largest hydrogen electrolyser in Wesseling, Germany.Its second project, HyDeploy, is experimenting with the viability of blending up to 20% hydrogen into the normal gas supply. The research is being funded by Ofgem, with the University of Keele testing the new solution. If successful, households could see a dramatic drop in energy bills with no changes to their consumption or domestic appliances.The third project is by far the largest. H2Mobility is an effort to install and operate hydrogen refuelling stations across Europe. Supported by the British and European governments, 21 companies – including Honda, Hyundai, and Nissan – are collaborating to complete the project with ITM providing the fuel.The bottom lineCombined, these projects, along with new supportive legislation, are making a hydrogen-based energy solution increasingly viable, not just for vehicles but households as well.Like Tesla in the electric vehicle market, ITM Power has the technology and expertise to lead in the hydrogen market. However, the stock valuation today is borderline insane.The market has priced the company at £1.6bn. While it may be worth that in the future, today it remains unprofitable and has little more than £3m in revenue.I am keeping a close eye on the company, but for now, I’m not buying shares. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Image source: Getty Images Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Forget Tesla! I’m looking at this hydrogen stock I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. See all posts by Zaven Boyrazian
Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Rector Shreveport, LA AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Episcopal bishops gather in Alaska with focus on indigenous culture, environmental justice Featured Events September 22, 2017 at 6:01 pm I am so proud of our bishops! Thank you for the full page NY Times statement. So very well said. Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Leonard Clark says: Rector Bath, NC Rector Hopkinsville, KY Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Ann Willis Scott says: This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Advocacy Peace & Justice, House of Bishops, September 24, 2017 at 2:55 am Just a piece of ancient history… I think that airplane was named The Blue Box after the ECW United Thank Offering “blue box ” because those saved quarters and dimes, etc., by Episcopal women across the country are what funded the first plane of the bishop of Alaska. Curate Diocese of Nebraska Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Rector Belleville, IL Submit a Press Release Indigenous Ministries Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Rector Tampa, FL House of Bishops Fall 2017, Associate Rector Columbus, GA Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI By David PaulsenPosted Sep 22, 2017 Tags Youth Minister Lorton, VA Rector Knoxville, TN Rector Washington, DC Submit an Event Listing Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Featured Jobs & Calls Comments are closed. Rector Martinsville, VA Ronald Reed says: Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Rector Albany, NY Submit a Job Listing New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Rector Pittsburgh, PA Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Rector Collierville, TN Environment & Climate Change, Comments (5) The Rev. Dr. Carole Johannsen, BCC says: Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Rector Smithfield, NC TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab David Horwath says: Bishops at the House of Bishops meeting in Fairbanks, Alaska, pose Sept. 22 behind a large sign pledging support for the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. The sign will be displayed from a bridge in Fairbanks on Sept. 23 during one of several events and trips planned on the themes of creation care and environmental justice. Photo: David Paulsen/Episcopal News Service[Episcopal News Service – Fairbanks, Alaska] The bishops of the Episcopal Church are gathered in this small city in the center of Alaska’s northern wilderness for their six-day House of Bishops meeting and to immerse themselves in local examples of creation care and racial reconciliation.There’s no better place than Alaska to discuss themes of environmental and racial justice, Diocese of Alaska Bishop Mark Lattime told Episcopal News Service on Sept. 21 at the midpoint of the meeting’s first day.“Alaska is your lab,” Lattime said. “This is the laboratory to experience that and see that.”Two Native elders, Will Mayo and Steve Ginnis, joined Presiding Bishop Michael Curry in welcoming bishops as they kicked off the first morning at Westmark Fairbanks Hotel and Convention Center. Mayo is a past president of the Tanana Chiefs Conference. Ginnis is the executive director of the Fairbanks Native Association.The meeting will feature discussions of how Alaska’s changing culture is having an impact on the environment and on indigenous peoples’ ways of life, and the bishops will travel over the weekend to visit villages and congregations to hear their stories firsthand.“Being here in Alaska and listening to and learning from the people of Alaska … helps the word become flesh for us,” Curry told ENS on Sept. 22 after presentations on Native Alaskan culture and natural resources like the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.“For the Arctic Wildlife Refuge and the Gwich’in people, protecting land that is sacred to them from development and oil drilling is not just an abstract idea,” Curry continued. “People’s sacred laws and spiritual lives are at stake. And being here, we are experiencing that.”As the bishops take in as much Alaska experience as they can from Sept. 21 to 26, the sheer scale of the state can be daunting.Alaska, at two and a half times the size of Texas, makes up a sixth of the United States’ geographic mass. At the same time, it has fewer than 1 million residents, half of whom live in just one city, Anchorage. Most of the state, then, is a mix of relatively untouched wilderness and tiny Native villages that have struggled to maintain their traditions of living off the land.The Tanana River passes below the hills just west of Fairbanks, a city of about 32,000 people in Alaska’s Interior region. Photo: David Paulsen/Episcopal News ServiceIt’s a state “so vast and unpeopled that if anyone could figure out how to steal Italy, Alaska would be a place to hide it,” the writer John McPhee once said. He described Fairbanks as “the de facto capital of the terrain that is called the Interior … the pivot from which travelers fan out to the north.”The daunting task of ministering to Episcopalians across such an immense diocese was driven home on the House of Bishops’ first day with a showing of a film produced by the Episcopal Church about Bishop William Gordon, who led the Diocese of Alaska from 1948 to 1974.Gordon learned to fly so he could pilot his small plane across the state to visit congregations, earning him the nickname the “flying bishop.” The bishops viewed the film about Gordon at the Morris Thompson Cultural and Visitors Center, where Gordon’s plane hangs near the entrance.During his long tenure leading the Diocese of Alaska, Bishop William Gordon flew around the diocese in this plane, which now is on display at the Morris Thompson Cultural and Visitor Center in Fairbanks. Photo: David Paulsen/Episcopal News ServiceThis is the first House of Bishops meeting hosted by the Diocese of Alaska, Lattime said. About 115 bishops are attending, some accompanied by spouses. Former Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori, Curry’s predecessor, is joining them in Fairbanks in her new role as assisting bishop in the Diocese of San Diego.On Sept. 23, small groups of bishops and spouses will split up and fan out to the north to visit the villages of Allakaket, Beaver, Eagle, Fort Yukon, Huslia, Tanana, Venetie and Arctic Village. Arctic Village is on the southern edge of the far northern Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Protecting the federal refuge from oil drilling has been a priority of both conservationists and indigenous rights activists in Alaska. The Episcopal Church has joined in that activism.Then on Sept. 24, the bishops will split into three groups, this time traveling to three different Episcopal churches in the Fairbanks area to attend Sunday worship services. The bishops will reconvene as one group that night for a potlatch at St. Mark’s Episcopal Church in Nenana.A potlatch is a native Alaskan ceremonial meal and event that typically features traditional food, drumming and dancing.“It’s really the essential form of hospitality,” Lattime said. “Everybody is welcome. Everybody leaves full, and not just in the sense of food.”The bishops hope to bring together the themes of protecting God’s creation and respecting the dignity of all human beings in sessions Sept. 25 that will identify “ways to take the Alaska Experience home to diocese.”The House of Bishops meeting concludes Sept. 26 with a business session, Eucharist and closing dinner.Hurricanes in the Caribbean and on the Gulf Coast of the U.S. have dampened turnout slightly, with three Texas bishops and two Florida bishops remaining in their storm-ravaged dioceses after Hurricane Harvey and Hurricane Irma.In addition, Bishop Rafael Morales of Puerto Rico canceled plans to attend the meeting after Hurricane Maria struck, knocking out power everywhere on the island. Bishop Julio Holguin of the Dominican Republic also was expected to skip the meeting.During Eucharist on Sept. 21, Curry offered prayers for the people in those dioceses, as well as the victims of a major earthquake that struck Mexico this week.Presiding Bishop Michael Curry presides at Eucharist in Fairbanks, Alaska, on Sept. 21, the opening day of the House of Bishops meeting. Behind him is Alaska Bishop Mark Lattime, and seated to his side is Bishop Todd Ousley of the Office of Pastoral Development. Photo: David Paulsen/Episcopal News ServiceThe bishops also took a moment at the service to welcome the Rt. Rev. Todd Ousley as the new bishop for the Episcopal Church’s Office of Pastoral Development. Ousley delivered the service’s sermon, calling the bishops “fellow tax collectors and sinners” like the ones Jesus invited to his table.“In an act of untamed and generous hospitality, we’ve been invited to break bread with Jesus and one another,” Ousley said, preaching on the theme of hospitality. “A ministry of episcopal hospitality is a work of justice as well as generosity.”– David Paulsen is an editor and reporter for the Episcopal News Service. He can be reached at [email protected] Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Director of Music Morristown, NJ September 22, 2017 at 4:57 pm An excellent meeting location! It will definitely help do good things. Press Release Service September 24, 2017 at 10:30 pm I am glad the Bishops meet face to face for abrazo a abrazo..there is nothing better than REAL LIFE/LIVE person-to-person relationships to understand one another, stimulate thinking, add more joy for simply “being” and also to fire-up enthusiasm for needs to be met and even sometime miracles to be revealed and performed. The gifts of “gifted” human interaction are many, let’s encourage comradery, share more “native” recipes and love one another, more, more, more. Prayers ascending for Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. September 23, 2017 at 10:27 am If the Bishops are so worried about the environment, why did they fly hundreds of people to a remote location burning tons of jet fuel and adding to their carbon footprint? Skype would be more environmentally friendly. The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET
Public Safety Take Precautions Against Hot Temperatures October 8 – 12, 2015 Published on Thursday, October 8, 2015 | 4:22 pm More Cool Stuff Community News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Top of the News Make a comment It’s HOT out there Pasadena! Weather officials are predicting excessive heat for Pasadena, the San Gabriel Valley and the greater Los Angeles County area for this weekend. This means an increased risk for heat-related illness and issues for the elderly, infants, outdoor workers and those venturing outdoors, including our animal companions.The City wishes to remind everyone to take precautions against the heat and stay connected to the City for any alerts and updates.Due to the big weekend international soccer match at the Rose Bowl Stadium, the annual Open House at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the Rose Bowl Flea Market and all of the other great weekend activities in Pasadena, it is especially important that people going outdoors stay hydrated, use sunscreen, wear hats, seek shade and just do over exert themselves. Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday HerbeautyThis Trend Looks Kind Of Cool!HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Go Past Our Healthy Quick RecipesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Lies You Should Stop Telling Yourself Right NowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Lies You Should Stop Telling Yourself Right NowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyTop 9 Predicted Haircut Trends Of 2020HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHe Is Totally In Love With You If He Does These 7 ThingsHerbeautyHerbeauty 0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPasadena Water and PowerPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Subscribe Business News First Heatwave Expected Next Week EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Community News Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website
Science and Technology JPL’s Curiosity Rover Sharpens Paradox of Ancient Mars From NASA/JPL Published on Monday, February 6, 2017 | 12:28 pm Top of the News Business News First Heatwave Expected Next Week 3 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Make a comment Bedrock at this site added to a puzzle about ancient Mars by indicating that a lake was present, but that little carbon dioxide was in the air to help keep a lake unfrozen. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSSMars scientists are wrestling with a problem. Ample evidence says ancient Mars was sometimes wet, with water flowing and pooling on the planet’s surface. Yet, the ancient sun was about one-third less warm and climate modelers struggle to produce scenarios that get the surface of Mars warm enough for keeping water unfrozen.A leading theory is to have a thicker carbon-dioxide atmosphere forming a greenhouse-gas blanket, helping to warm the surface of ancient Mars. However, according to a new analysis of data from NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity, Mars had far too little carbon dioxide about 3.5 billion years ago to provide enough greenhouse-effect warming to thaw water ice.The same Martian bedrock in which Curiosity found sediments from an ancient lake where microbes could have thrived is the source of the evidence adding to the quandary about how such a lake could have existed. Curiosity detected no carbonate minerals in the samples of the bedrock it analyzed. The new analysis concludes that the dearth of carbonates in that bedrock means Mars’ atmosphere when the lake existed — about 3.5 billion years ago — could not have held much carbon dioxide.“We’ve been particularly struck with the absence of carbonate minerals in sedimentary rock the rover has examined,” said Thomas Bristow of NASA’s Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California. “It would be really hard to get liquid water even if there were a hundred times more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere than what the mineral evidence in the rock tells us.” Bristow is the principal investigator for the Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) instrument on Curiosity and lead author of the study being published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.Curiosity has made no definitive detection of carbonates in any lakebed rocks sampled since it landed in Gale Crater in 2011. CheMin can identify carbonate if it makes up just a few percent of the rock. The new analysis by Bristow and 13 co-authors calculates the maximum amount of carbon dioxide that could have been present, consistent with that dearth of carbonate.In water, carbon dioxide combines with positively charged ions such as magnesium and ferrous iron to form carbonate minerals. Other minerals in the same rocks indicate those ions were readily available. The other minerals, such as magnetite and clay minerals, also provide evidence that subsequent conditions never became so acidic that carbonates would have dissolved away, as they can in acidic groundwater.The dilemma has been building for years: Evidence about factors that affect surface temperatures — mainly the energy received from the young sun and the blanketing provided by the planet’s atmosphere — adds up to a mismatch with widespread evidence for river networks and lakes on ancient Mars. Clues such as isotope ratios in today’s Martian atmosphere indicate the planet once held a much denser atmosphere than it does now. Yet theoretical models of the ancient Martian climate struggle to produce conditions that would allow liquid water on the Martian surface for many millions of years. One successful model proposes a thick carbon-dioxide atmosphere that also contains molecular hydrogen. How such an atmosphere would be generated and sustained, however, is controversial.The new study pins the puzzle to a particular place and time, with an on-the-ground check for carbonates in exactly the same sediments that hold the record of a lake about a billion years after the planet formed.For the past two decades, researchers have used spectrometers on Mars orbiters to search for carbonate that could have resulted from an early era of more abundant carbon dioxide. They have found far less than anticipated.“It’s been a mystery why there hasn’t been much carbonate seen from orbit,” Bristow said. “You could get out of the quandary by saying the carbonates may still be there, but we just can’t see them from orbit because they’re covered by dust, or buried, or we’re not looking in the right place. The Curiosity results bring the paradox to a focus. This is the first time we’ve checked for carbonates on the ground in a rock we know formed from sediments deposited under water.”The new analysis concludes that no more than a few tens of millibars of carbon dioxide could have been present when the lake existed, or it would have produced enough carbonate for Curiosity’s CheMin to detect it. A millibar is one one-thousandth of sea-level air pressure on Earth. The current atmosphere of Mars is less than 10 millibars and about 95 percent carbon dioxide.“This analysis fits with many theoretical studies that the surface of Mars, even that long ago, was not warm enough for water to be liquid,” said Robert Haberle, a Mars-climate scientist at NASA Ames and a co-author of the paper. “It’s really a puzzle to me.”Researchers are evaluating multiple ideas for how to reconcile the dilemma.“Some think perhaps the lake wasn’t an open body of liquid water. Maybe it was liquid covered with ice,” Haberle said. “You could still get some sediments through to accumulate in the lakebed if the ice weren’t too thick.”A drawback to that explanation is that the rover team has sought and not found in Gale Crater evidence that would be expected from ice-covered lakes, such as large and deep cracks called ice wedges, or “dropstones,” which become embedded in soft lakebed sediments when they penetrate thinning ice.If the lakes were not frozen, the puzzle is made more challenging by the new analysis of what the lack of a carbonate detection by Curiosity implies about the ancient Martian atmosphere.“Curiosity’s traverse through streambeds, deltas, and hundreds of vertical feet of mud deposited in ancient lakes calls out for a vigorous hydrological system supplying the water and sediment to create the rocks we’re finding,” said Curiosity Project Scientist Ashwin Vasavada of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California. “Carbon dioxide, mixed with other gases like hydrogen, has been the leading candidate for the warming influence needed for such a system. This surprising result would seem to take it out of the running.”When two lines of scientific evidence appear irreconcilable, the scene may be set for an advance in understanding why they are not. The Curiosity mission is continuing to investigate ancient environmental conditions on Mars. It is managed by JPL, a division of Caltech in Pasadena, for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Curiosity and other Mars science missions are a key part of NASA’s Journey to Mars, building on decades of robotic exploration to send humans to the Red Planet in the 2030s. For more about Curiosity, visit:http://www.nasa.gov/curiosityLearn about NASA’s Journey to Mars at:http://www.nasa.gov/journeytomars Community News Herbeauty6 Strong Female TV Characters Who Deserve To Have A SpinoffHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Go Past Our Healthy Quick RecipesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Lies You Should Stop Telling Yourself Right NowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Lies You Should Stop Telling Yourself Right NowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyRemove Belly Fat Without Going Under The KnifeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyCostume That Makes Actresses Beneath Practically UnrecognizableHerbeautyHerbeauty Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy More Cool Stuff Community News Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Subscribe
Top StoriesBREAKING- No Arrests In Violation Of Arnesh Kumar Verdict; HPCs Should Release All Prisoners Who Were Released Earlier : SC Passes Directions To De-Congest Prisons LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK8 May 2021 12:14 AMShare This – xTaking note of the surge of the second wave of COVID pandemic, the Supreme Court has passed a slew of directions to de-congest prisons.A bench comprising Chief Justice of India NV Ramana, Justices L Nageswara Rao and Surya Kant passed the following directions in the suo moto case In Re Contagion of COVID Virus In Prisons.1. No Arrests In Violation of Arnesh Kumar judgmentThe Court held that authorities should not make arrests in violation of the guidelines laid down in the 2014 judgment in the case Arnesh Kumar vs State of Bihar, which had held that arrests should be an exception in cases where the offences are punishable with less than 7 years imprisonment.In view of the rampant spread of coronavirus, the Supreme Court felt the need to reiterate the Arnesh Kumar verdict, in order to limit arrests.”…this Court, being the sentinel on the qui vive of the fundamental rights, needs to strictly control and limit the authorities from arresting accused in contravention of guidelines laid down by this Court in Arnesh Kumar v. State of Bihar (supra) during pandemic”, the Supreme Court ordered.2. High Powered Committees constituted last year to consider release of prisoners at the earliest following guidelinesThe High Powered Committees constituted by the State Governments/Union Territories shall consider release of prisoners by adopting the guidelines (such as inter alia, SOP laid down by NALSA) followed by them last year, at the earliest. Such of those States which have not constituted High Powered Committees last year are directed to do so immediately. Commissioner of Police Delhi shall also be a member of the High Powered Committee, Delhi. 3. HPCs should consider release of all inmates who had been released last year High Powered Committee, in addition to considering fresh release,should forthwith release all the inmates who had been released earlier pursuant to the Supreme Court’s order dated 23.03.2020, by imposing appropriate conditions. Such an exercise is mandated in order to save valuable time.The Court passed this direction accepting the suggestion made by Senior Advocate Dr Colin Gonsalves.In this regard, the Court noted that more than 90% of the prisoners, who were released by the HPCs following last year’s court order, have returned back.4. Minimum 90 days paroleAll those inmates who were granted parole, pursuant to Supreme Court’s earlier orders, should be again granted a parole for a period of 90 days in order to tide over the pandemic.5. Decisions of HPCs, Prison Occupancy to be updated in websites”…the fight against the pandemic is greatly benefitted by transparent administration. In this regard, our attention was drawn to example of Delhi, wherein the prison occupancy is updated in websites. Such measures are required to be considered by other States and should be adopted as good practice. Moreover, all the decisions of High Powered Committees need to be published on respective State Legal Service Authorities/State Governments/High Courts websites in order to enable effective dissemination of information”, the bench observed.The Court further issued directions to ensure that proper medical facilities are provided to all prisoners who are imprisoned.”The spread of Covid19 virus should be controlled in the prisons by regular testing being done of the prisoners but also the jail staff and immediate treatment should be made available to the inmates and the staff. It is necessary to maintain levels of daily hygiene and sanitation required to be improved. Suitable precautions shall be taken to prevent the transmission of the deadly virus amongst the inmates of prisons. Appropriate steps shall betaken for transportation of the released inmates of the prisons, if necessary, in view of the curfews and lockdown in some States”, the bench observed.Prisons over-burdeneedThe Court passed the directions after observing that many prisons in the country were overburdened and beyond optimal capacity. It noted that there were over 4 lakh prisoners in”…we may notice that the requirement of decongestion is a matter concerning health and right to life of both the prison inmates and the police personnel working.Reduction of impact of Covid19 requires this Court to effectively calibrate concerns of criminal justice system,health hazards and rights of the accused. From limiting arrests to taking care of Covid19 Patients, there is are quirement for effective management of pandemic from within the prison walls so as to defeat this deadly virus”, the bench observed in the order.What transpired during the hearingDuring the hearing held on Friday, the bench expressed alarm over the COVID situation. “Present situation is very alarming, even more than last time… Most prisons are overcrowded. 90% people who had been released have been recalled. We’ll leave it to the High Power Committees to take a call and release them,” the Bench said. During the hearing, Advocate General KK Venugopal and Solicitor General Tushar Mehta urged the Bench to pass directions allowing handcuffing of prisoners, in order to avoid physical contact with the policemen. “When accused is presented and no VC is available he’s required to be held by hands by police officer. There’s risk of transmission,” Mehta submitted. However, the Bench opined that this issue will be taken up at later as there are more pressing issues before it. The Bench also heard Senior Advocate Colin Gonsalves, who made the following suggestions: 1. All those who had been released on bail but were recalled after the first wave faded, should be released on regular bail, to avoid making of individual applications. For convicts on parole, he urged that High Power Committee should consider releasing them for 90 days. 2. Minutes of High Power Committee should be put on website as otherwise, people are for months not aware of orders passed by HPC.Last year, during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Supreme Court had directed the constitution of High Powered Committees in all states to consider the release of convicts and under-trials in less heinous offences on interim bail or parole so as to de-congest prisons.The Supreme Court had suggested that the HPCs could consider the release of prisoners who have been convicted or are undertrial for offences for which prescribed punishment is up to 7 years or less, with or without fine and the prisoner has been convicted for a lesser number of years than the maximum.The HPCs were to consist of (i) Chairman of the State Legal Services Committee, (ii) the Principal Secretary (Home/Prison) by whatever designation is known as, (ii) Director General of Prison(s).When the pandemic started to recede by November-December last year, many High Courts/HPCs cancelled the interim bail, and asked the prisoners to surrender.Click here to read/download the orderTagsHigh Powered Committee Decongestion of Prisoners COVID19 Second Wave Suprem Court CJI NV Ramana #Justice L Nageswara Rao Justices Surya Kant Next Story
Mesa Police Dept.(MESA, Arizona) — Two more Mesa, Arizona, police officers have been placed on administrative leave following the release of bodycam footage showing a violent arrest.Video released on Thursday that showed a 15-year-old suspect being taken into custody included officers kicking the teen and screaming expletive-laced insults at him.“On May 17, 2018, officers were investigating an armed robbery and located a 15-year-old suspect, who was arrested and subsequently charged with multiple counts including armed robbery and aggravated assault with a deadly weapon,” the MPD said in a statement released Thursday. “After a review of body worn camera footage, an internal investigation was initiated, two of the officers were placed on administrative leave.”Mesa Police Chief Ramon Batista has scheduled a press conference for 5:45 p.m. local time today to discuss this latest incident. Five other Mesa cops had just been placed on administrative because of their actions seen in a video from a May 23 incident where a man was beaten while standing against a wall. Originally, only four officers were placed on leave. Batista, after that incident, told ABC affiliate KNXV: “This in no way represents the whole work that is done every day. They’re human beings, and certainly at first glance this looks like a mistake.”Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.