FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享From World Coal:New analysis from the University of Queensland (UQ) has thrown into doubt the long-term viability of delivering Galilee Basin coal to India. According to UG Global Change Initiative Researcher, Lynette Molyneaux, the economic profile of many of India’s energy-poor states is unsuited to supporting coal-fired power.The research calculates the costs of supplying Galilee Basin coal to new coal-fired power plants in one such state – Bihar in northeast India on the border with Nepal. The costs included a percentage of the amount required to buy and develop the Abbot Point coal terminal, as well as projected costs to ship the coal to the Indian port of Paradip and then rail it from Paradip to Bihar. This was then compared to the costs involved in deploying a decentralised micro-grid in the same region.“We estimate it would cost about US$94/t to deliver Galilee Basin coal to Bihar,” said Molyneaux. “Overall, we found that it would cost about US$29 billion over 20 yr to supply even a modest amount of electricity to each household in Bihar.”“The elephant in the room for proponents of coal-fired power to relieve energy poverty for the rural, agrarian poor is that remote rural locations have little or no industry to underwrite the costs of electrification,” Molyneaux concluded. “Coal-fired power stations are not designed to run for just a few hours a night, which is what the 15.8 million households in Bihar need to light their homes and charge their mobile homes.”As an alternative model, Molyneaux points to the solar panels installed on people’s homes in Bangladesh, which have reduced the use of noxious fuels and provided employment for up to 100 000 people. The research – ‘Rural Electrification in India: Galilee Basin Coal versus Decentralised Renewable Energy Micro-Grids’ – is published in the April issue of Renewable Energy.The UQ research is by no means the only one to questions the Galilee Basin developments. More harmfully, the financial community has also raised questions over the commercial viability of projects in the Galilee Basin –which include Adani Mining’s Carmichael project and GVK Hancock’s Alpha and Kevin’s Corner projects.In August, Australia’s Commonwealth Bank resigned as the financial advisor to the Carmichael project as it was “finding it increasingly difficult to justify its involvement in a project which was both harmful to the environment and commercially infeasible,” according to a December 2015 note from BMI Research.This was a significant blow, according to BMI Research, which described the situation as “grim”. Without the support of an Australian bank, which foreign banks rely on to do the necessary due diligence and for on-the-ground knowledge and expertise, Adani is unlikely to be able to secure sufficient for the US$16.5 billion project: a briefing from the IEEFA’s Tim Buckley noted last September that the project was “increasingly unbankable” with fifteen of the world’s largest financial houses having either ceased or ruled out involvement.“The Carmichael project is far from financial close and the first commercial coal remains and remote prospect,” concluded Buckley. Similar problems face GVK Hancock, which is also yet to secure funding for its Galilee Basin projects.“The prospects for further coal production in Australia remains grim due to the environment of persistently low coal prices and the increased reliance of India and China on their domestic thermal coal production to fuel their thermal power plants,” concluded BMI Research, which expects the country’s production to reach 498 million t by 2019 – only slightly higher than the 481 million t forecast in 2016.Research continues to question financial viability of Galilee Basin coal projects Fresh Doubts on Viability of Galilee Basin Becoming a Supplier of Coal to India
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Smart Energy International:Enel Green Power set a new record in 2019 within the renewable energy industry by building more than 3GW of capacity.Enel built around 190MW more renewable energy capacity in 2019 than in 2018, a 6.5% increase. The milestone makes Enel the largest private renewable energy player at global level Enel built 47 facilities of which the majority were wind (1,813 MW) and then solar (1,193 MW).Around 1,072MW was built in Europe, mainly in Spain, 997MW in Latin America, mainly in Mexico, 867MW in North America, mainly in the US and around 94MW in Africa, Asia and Oceania, mainly in South Africa.Renewable energy built by Enel in 2019 will generate 9.3TWh and avoid 5.85 million tons of carbon emissions per annum.The 2019 milestone increases Enel’s total renewable energy capacity to 46GW.The utility has set a goal of generating around 57% of its production from renewable sources in 2022. By adding 14.1 GW of renewable capacity to Enel will reach around 60GW renewable generation by 2022. The utility plans on being fully decarbonised by 2050.[Nicholas Nhede]More: Enel reached a new renewable energy milestone in 2019 Record year pushes total Enel Green Power renewable capacity to 46GW
Ncondezi Energy delays planned 300MW coal plant in Mozambique FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Platts:Progress on the development of Ncondezi Energy’s flagship 300 MW coal-fired power project and coal mine in Tete, Mozambique, has been delayed, the African power developer said.The delay came after discussions with state power company Electricidade de Mocambique (EDM) indicated that available technical and market assumptions for a tariff agreement, which were initially submitted March 31, were out of date.The company said an updated transmission integration study and Mozambican power market outlook study had been commissioned, and were targeted for completion in the third quarter of 2020. Allowing for the completion of those independent studies, Ncondezi said the tariff agreement was now expected to be finalized in the second half of the year.“Based on this, the company has submitted an updated work program to EDM for review and will provide a more detailed timetable update to investors at the appropriate time,” Ncondezi Energy said.“Since the submission of a formal tariff offer earlier this year, the company has worked closely with EDM to discuss and agree the pathway to progress the project,” said CEO Hanno Pengilly. “With EDM’s guidance, the company has agreed to update its transmission integration study as well as conduct an independent market study for energy supply and demand forecasts in Mozambique and potential export markets.”Pengilly said the results of those studies should verify certain technical assumptions, and provide greater certainty around the business case for the project alongside the tariff proposal, facilitating negotiations on the project tariff. The results are also expected to be a key requirement from potential project lenders and investors.[Sarah Matthews]More: Ncondezi Energy delays flagship Mozambique coal power project
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Reuters:The European Union is considering binding standards for natural gas to limit emissions of methane, the second-largest contributor to global warming after carbon dioxide. The 27-member bloc is the world’s biggest importer of gas, and imposing such standards could affect its major suppliers, which include Russia and Norway.Published on Wednesday, the EU methane strategy includes a clearer commitment than previous drafts, which shied away from methane limits on gas consumed in Europe. It said any legislation would follow an impact assessment involving international partners.“The Commission will consider methane emission reduction targets, standards or other incentives for fossil energy consumed and imported in the EU in the absence of significant commitments from international partners,” the policy said. Curbing methane is key to plans to cut EU greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050. However, that target does not capture the emissions released to produce or transport gas to the EU, whereas methane standards for imported gas would.Methane, which is emitted from leaky oil and gas pipelines and infrastructure, unused coal mines and farming, is 84 times more potent than CO2 in its first 20 years in the atmosphere.The Commission will propose legislation next year requiring oil and gas companies to monitor and report methane emissions and repair leaks. It will consider banning venting and flaring, which release methane into the atmosphere or deliberately burn it.Satellite data has shown methane emissions significantly higher than levels reported by industry. The Commission said it will help launch an independent international body to gather data, supported by EU satellites.[Kate Abnett]More: EU considers binding methane emissions standards for gas European Union may enact binding limits on methane emissions from gas industry
The average office tosses out about 350 pounds of paper per year per employee. Reducing paper usage and buying paper with post-consumer recycled content can go a long way to reduce any company’s carbon footprint. Photo cred: FogStock/ThinkstockEarthTalk®E – The Environmental MagazineDear EarthTalk: I own a small business and would like to do what I can to minimize its impact on the environment. Can you help me? — Jacob Levinson, New York, NYThere are many ways to green up any business, large or small—and an added benefit might just be saving money. Just like individuals, businesses can measure their carbon footprints to get a sense of where they are starting from and to get some initial ideas of areas to focus on to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) offers a free “Simplified GHG [greenhouse gas] Emissions Calculator” to help small businesses get started. Another option is to enroll in TerraPass’s “Carbon Balanced Business” program, which helps commercial entities measure and then offset the greenhouse gas emissions they are responsible for generating.Beyond carbon footprints, there are many other things businesses can do to minimize their environmental impacts. The non-profit Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) reports that, first and foremost, businesses should shift the paper paradigm—the average office tosses out about 350 pounds of paper per year per employee. “Reducing your waste and purchasing paper with post-consumer recycled content can help save trees and nudge the pulp and paper industry, one of the most environmentally destructive industries in the world, toward a less damaging path,” NRDC reports. Some easy ways to do this include: setting printers to use both sides of a page (or designating a “draft tray” filled with paper that’s blank on one side); buying copy paper with a 30 percent or more post-consumer recycled content; collecting used paper separately for recycling; and stocking bathrooms with post-consumer recycled tissue products.Getting more energy efficient is another way to save the Earth while saving money too. NRDC recommends taking advantage of the fact that most utilities offer free or inexpensive energy audits, whereby an engineer examines operations and provides a report about how to save on energy costs. Turning off lights and electronics at the end of the work day can save bundles of energy. “Plug all your appliances into a power strip and you’ll only have to flip one switch at the end of the day,” suggests NRDC. Also, setting computers to “sleep” or “hibernate” when inactive will further reduce a business’s footprint. And NRDC says to lose the screensavers: “Flying toasters and slideshows can use up about $50 of electricity in a year.” Lastly, when shopping for new office appliances, look for the EnergyStar label which means that the federal government has rated the particular unit highly in terms of energy efficiency.Cutting water waste will also make a business run greener. The group says to install faucet aerators and low-flow toilets, check for and fix leaks, landscape with water efficiency in mind and recycle gray water where applicable for nonpotable uses such as watering gardens.Lastly, NRDC suggests creating a greener work environment, given that “employees are on the front lines of any sustainability initiatives” a business chooses to make—perhaps by creating a green team “with members from all divisions of the organization to help implement plans and bring new ideas to the table.” Those looking to take their businesses down a green path should consult any of the free “Greening Your Business” guides on NRDC’s website.CONTACTS: EPA, www.epa.gov/climateleadership/smallbiz/footprint.html; NRDC Greening Your Business, www.nrdc.org/cities/living/gbusiness.asp.EarthTalk® is written and edited by Roddy Scheer and Doug Moss and is a registered trademark of E – The Environmental Magazine (www.emagazine.com). Send questions to: [email protected] Subscribe: www.emagazine.com/subscribe. Free Trial Issue: www.emagazine.com/trial.
As the days get shorter, the temperatures begin to drop and the trails become colored with falling leaves, it is time to transition your wardrobe to maintain comfort. Below are a few of our favorite fall fashion items to help keep you feeling good and looking good on the trail as you continue to run, ride or hike all fall and winter long.Smartwool Men’s Teller Jacket The Teller jacket combines a wind resistant front panel with an ultra-breathable merino wool back panel that is as soft as jersey knit cotton. The Teller is great to put on when you have finished a mountain bike climb and are preparing to descend. It also is a great choice for hiking since it keeps your core warm and protected from the wind, while allowing your heat to escape once you warm up. The Teller jacket also transitions nicely to a casual piece when you are ready to go meet friends after a run or bike ride. Wish it came in more colors, but you are limited to green, blue or black.MSRP $160.00; smartwool.comSmartwool PhD Smartloft Down VestThe Smartloft down vest is similar to the Teller jacket minus the sleeves. It is more versatile and better suited for activities where you tend to work up a sweat and desire greater breathability and temperature regulation. It too has a wind resistant front panel and breathable merino wool back. The Smartloft is form fitting enough to allow you to comfortably bike or run in it. The Smartloft vest is available in men’s and women’s cut and is fairly form-fitting compared to other vests.MSRP $170.00; smartwool.comLorpen T3 Trail Running and Cycling SocksLorpen has once again raised the bar in sock technology. Its motto, “to design and build the best technical socks in the world” is demonstrated through its continued innovation. The T3 technology offers the utmost in breathability for both warm weather and cold weather. Lorpen has designed a three-layer technology for winter socks and summer socks. The winter T3 socks feature merino wool to help keep feet warm while maintaining breathability, while the summer line relies on Tencel and Coolmax for the utmost in breathability and cooling. I tend to wear my trail and cycling T3 summer socks three seasons out of the year. The T3 ski sock line is the best ski sock I have found in the marketplace in that it provides a warm and comfortable fit for all day outings in ski boots or hiking boots. Lorpen socks have proven to hold up longer and retain less sediment than other merino socks on the market.MSRP $10.99-21.99; lorpennorthamerica.com
“But did you tell them you aren’t a phone guy?”This was a legitimate question from a good buddy of mine when I mentioned to him that the team at Armor-X was sending me a phone case and mounting system to try out on my mountain bike.Brent’s query was a good one. I am not a phone guy. I proudly toted around an iPhone 3 for years until, finally, it couldn’t keep up with the demands of the world wide web and the apps I wanted to use. I upgraded to an iPhone 6 and, applying the same sophisticated mathematical algorithm, might wait for an iPhone 12 before upgrading again.So, for sure, I am no techie phone guy. But, because I want to extend the life of each phone I get, I am most definitely a phone case guy. And, because I spend a lot of time on both my road bike and mountain bike, I am always looking for cases and mounting systems that protect the investment I have in my mobile technology.With Armor-X, I found a great one.Prior to getting their iPhone 6 case and mounting system, my phone could be found in my pocket when I was riding trails. Remaining upright and on the bike generally makes this a nonissue, but my mountain bike history is littered with crashes and spills, and I saw the usage of the Armor-X gear as a serious upgrade to my phone protection strategy.And I was right. All it took was a poorly executed bunny hop to prove it.I was recently riding the new trail system above Flag Rock, near Norton, Virginia, and was heading down a fire road I had cruised many times. Across the fire road lay a fallen tree of about six inches of diameter. I had crossed over this tree more times than I can count. I was feeling pretty froggy, moving down the fire road at a pretty good clip, when I had this thought . . . .I’m going to bunny hop that log.There is no good explanation as to why such silliness entered my head. None at all. I am 45 years old and haven’t really bunny hopped anything since I was a pre-teen. My single track time is generally marked by a relative sense of caution; I don’t mind going fast, but I try to avoid broken bones and what not at all cost.That bunny hop panned out exactly as you can imagine. Poor timing and not enough lift slammed my front wheel square into the log. I was catapulted over my handlebars, able to look up in mid-flight to see one foot still clipped to a pedal and my bike sailing over my head. I landed squarely on my left side, the wind bursting from my lungs, my bike landing a few feet beyond my body akimbo.I was bruised up a bit. Sore, for sure. Two days later, I could barely turn over in bed without gasping, and it was a couple weeks before I felt right again.But my phone? Locked tight to my stem, exactly where it was meant to be, and no worse for the crash.The case from Armor-X is a regular on my phone these days and certainly goes with me whenever I hit the trail on my mountain bike. The case itself is slim enough for everyday use and easy to handle, while the mounting system, as evidenced by my crash, keeps everything locked securely on my bike.I am looking forward to more miles, but fewer spills, with both.
To save the trees, firefighters were lowered down to the grove to build an irrigation system to protect the trees and air tankers dropped fire retardant inside of the grove. Prior to 1994, the trees were thought to be extinct. Today, there are less than 200 remaining. Though some of the trees were charred by the fires, the species has survived. Researchers concerned over dwindling Loggerhead Shrike numbers Seven hikers are missing after an avalanche along Nepal’s famous Annapurna Circuit, a popular trekking route in Nepal’s Himalayan Mountains. At least four South Koreans and three Nepali guides are missing after the avalanche swept the trail. Thirty others have been rescued. The avalanche hit just before noon local time on Friday at an altitude of 10,597 feet. Read the full story here: https://www.cnn.com/2020/01/15/australia/dinosaur-pines-rescued-scli-intl/index.html Read the full story here: https://www.9news.com.au/world/nepal-news-hikers-and-guides-missing-after-annapurna-avalanche/0e473848-a3c4-490f-9fdd-0afff9307521 Hikers on Nepal’s Annapurna Circuit missing after avalanche As wildfires rage across the continent of Australia, firefighters have managed to save a prehistoric grove of Wollemi Pine trees, which grow in a secret location within Wollemi National Park northwest of Sydney. The trees are thought to have existed during the Jurassic period, with the oldest fossil of the Wollemi Pine dating back 90 million years. Australian firefighters save a grove of prehistoric trees, of which only 200 remain The loggerhead shrike is a bird that resembles a small version of a mockingbird, but that’s where the similarities end. The loggerhead shrike is a predatory songbird that preys on a variety of small animals and even kills birds heavier than they are. “Many times, you’ll see their larders, which is where they have skewered their prey on a thorn or barbed wire,” says Eric Soehren, biologist and manager of the Alabama State Lands’ Wehle Land Conservation Center. “That’s where the butcher bird name comes from. It’s a songbird, but it’s an efficient killing machine.” This tragedy comes just a few years after the 2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster, when at least 43 people from around the world were killed when severe snowstorms and avalanches struck the Annapurna Circuit, resulting in Nepal’s worst trekking disaster. The numbers of loggerhead shrike have declined considerably in their range. Numbers in latitudes north of a Missouri-Kentucky-Virginia line have plummeted. Fortunately, in the South, a large population of the bird remains. In order to track and identify why their numbers are falling, biologists are banding as many shrikes as possible and asking the public to report any banded birds they see on eBird.org. Read the full story here: http://outdoornewsdaily.com/dwindling-loggerhead-shrike-numbers-concern-researchers/
By Dialogo March 02, 2009 One Peruvian soldier died and two were wounded in a clash with remnants of the armed group Shining Path in the Vizcatan area of the Ayacucho region, some 600 kilometers (370 miles) south of Lima, military officials said. In a press release the Armed Forces High Command said that the soldier who died, identified as David Farfan Arias, had been wounded together with two fellow soldiers in a military operation carried out to win back Tincuya hill. According to the officials, Tincuya hill is “one of the places where these criminals have been harassing patrols and particularly their air support.” In another document released hours before, it was said that the troops had put an undetermined number of combatants from the terrorist organization out of action, without saying if they had been killed or wounded. Last August the Peruvian armed forces began an aggressive campaign in the Valley of the Apurimac and Ene Rivers, or VRAE, particularly in the jungle area of Vizcatan, considered until recently an impregnable Shining Path stronghold. Shining Path remnants who never accepted the cease-fire ordered by its founder, Abimael Guzman, in 1992, operate in the VRAE coca-growing areas under the command of Victor Quispe (Comrade Jose), as well as in the Alto Huallaga in the northeast under the orders of the only one of the original leaders still free, “Comrade Artemio.” Peruvian authorities consider these terrorist remnants to be allies of drug traffickers, but some experts say that they themselves have become a drug cartel. At the beginning of the year, remnants of Shining Path, who according to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission are responsible for more than half of the 69,000 deaths during the years of terrorism (1990-2000), threatened to continue in 2009 their “revolutionary war” in the area of Vizcatan.
By Dialogo April 01, 2009 President Alvaro Uribe Tuesday said he was ready to hold peace talks with the leftist FARC rebel group if they declare a cease fire that can be verified. “We believe in peace,” Uribe told an anti-terrorism conference, “but we won’t allow new tricks. “Peace has its demands. The moment a new process begins there must be a clear sign, a halt to all criminal activities by the groups who want to engage in the process, with verification,” he said. The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia — or FARC — the country’s oldest and strongest rebel group, has demanded a demilitarized zone for peace talks and a swap of 22 prominent hostages for hundreds of jailed rebels. On Sunday, the FARC dropped their demand after Uribe angrily refused to negotiate with them following a bloody rebel attack that killed 20 police and one soldier on the first anniversary of FARC founder Manuel Marulanda’s death. Uribe Tuesday said ceasefire verification was paramount to the negotiating process. Without it, he said, “we risk talking peace in a language that obfuscate terrorism.” He reiterated his government’s resolve to fight terrorism “in an all out effort and in full respect of democratic values.”